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What is an INTJ?

INTJ is an acronym used to describe one of the sixteen personality types created by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers. It stands for Introverted, iNtuitive, Thinking, Judging. INTJ indicates a person who is energized by time alone (Introverted), who focuses on ideas and concepts rather than facts and details (iNtuitive), who makes decisions based on logic and reason (Thinking) and who prefers to be planned and organized rather than spontaneous and flexible (Judging). INTJs are sometimes referred to as Mastermind personalities because of their strategic, logical way of thinking.

What are INTJs like?

INTJs are analytical problem-solvers, eager to improve systems and processes with their innovative ideas. They have a talent for seeing possibilities for improvement, whether at work, at home, or in themselves.

Often intellectual, INTJs enjoy logical reasoning and complex problem-solving. They approach life by analyzing the theory behind what they see, and are typically focused inward, on their own thoughtful study of the world around them. INTJs are drawn to logical systems and are much less comfortable with the unpredictable nature of other people and their emotions. They are typically independent and selective about their relationships, preferring to associate with people who they find intellectually stimulating.

What are the core values of the INTJ?

INTJs are perceptive about systems and strategy, and often understand the world as a chess board to be navigated. They want to understand how systems work, and how events proceed: the INTJ often has a unique ability to foresee logical outcomes. They enjoy applying themselves to a project or idea in depth, and putting in concentrated effort to achieve their goals.

INTJs have a hunger for knowledge and strive to constantly increase their competence; they are often perfectionists with extremely high standards of performance for themselves and others. They tend to have a keen interest in self-improvement and are lifelong learners, always looking to add to their base of information and awareness.

How can I recognize an INTJ?

INTJs are typically reserved and serious, and seem to spend a lot of time thinking. They are curious about the world around them and often want to know the principle behind what they see. They thoroughly examine the information they receive, and if asked a question, will typically consider it at length before presenting a careful, complex answer. INTJs think critically and clearly, and often have an idea about how to do something more efficiently. They can be blunt in their presentation, and often communicate in terms of the larger strategy, leaving out the details.

Although INTJs aren’t usually warm or particularly gregarious, they tend to have a self-assured manner with people based on their own security in their intelligence. They relate their ideas with confidence, and once they have arrived at a conclusion they fully expect others to see the wisdom in their perceptions. They are typically perfectionists and appreciate an environment of intellectual challenge. They enjoy discussing interesting ideas, and may get themselves into trouble because of their take-no-prisoners attitude: if someone’s beliefs don’t make logical sense, the Mastermind typically has no qualms about pointing that out.

Who are some famous INTJs?

Famous INTJs include Hillary Clinton, Al Gore, Bill Gates, Dwight Eisenhower, Alan Greenspan, Ulysses S. Grant, Stephen Hawking, John Maynard Keynes, Ayn Rand, Isaac Asimov, Lewis Carroll, Cormac McCarthy, and Sir Isaac Newton.

How common is the INTJ personality type?

INTJ is the third rarest type in the population, and the rarest type among women (with ENTJ). INTJs make up:

  • 2% of the general population
  • 3% of men
  • 1% of women

What do INTJs like to do?

Popular hobbies for the INTJ include reading, cultural events, taking classes, appreciating art, computers and video games, and independent sports such as swimming, backpacking, or running marathons.

What the experts say

"INTJs are the most independent of all the sixteen types and take more or less conscious pride in that independence."

- Isabel Briggs Myers, Gifts Differing

"Difficulties are highly stimulating to INTJs, who love responding to a problem that requires a creative solution."

- David Keirsey, Please Understand Me II

"Their capacity for intellectual and conceptual clarity gives INTJs both vision and the will to see it through to completion—leadership qualities that are prized in our society."

- Otto Kroeger, Type Talk at Work

Facts about INTJs

Interesting facts about the INTJ:

  • On personality trait measures, score as Discreet, Industrious, Logical, Deliberate, Self-Confident, and Methodical
  • Among types least likely to suffer heart disease and cardiac problems
  • Least likely of all the types to believe in a higher spiritual power
  • One of two types with highest college GPA
  • Among types with highest income
  • Personal values include Achievement
  • Of all types, least likely to state that they value Home/family, Financial security, Relationships & friendships, and Community service
  • Overrepresented among MBA students and female small business owners
  • Commonly found in scientific or technical fields, computer occupations, and legal professions

Source: MBTI Manual

Are you an INTJ?

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Check out the INTJ Discussion Forum

Want to have a more in-depth conversation about being an INTJ? Head on over to our discussion forum and post your questions, comments, and/or general musings!


Guest (not verified) says...

Hey, i'm french (sorry there may be some mistakes in the writing), and i would like to say that i'm quite amazed while seeing all of the posts. I turned as an INTJ on the test, and I would be lying by saying I wasn't happy feeling quite understood. But what i see here is not intelligence or happiness -and i'm pretty sure lot of others visitors on this site thought the same as I did- it's just frustration. All of those comments are a an unhealthy and desperate attempt of people to rassure themselves about all the things that doesn't work in their life, or worst, a pathetic way to be even more proud of themselves than they already are. You know what ? I hesitated a long time before posting this comment, because it honestly shows how desperate even I am, in a certain way. I mean, posting this comment shows kind of a recognition need from others... Yet I believe I have something quite relevant to say, so let me explain myself.

I mean, hey guys, take a breath; it's not because you've turned INTJ in a psychological test that you're the king of the world, so slow down. Do you really believe the complexity of the human nature could be only explained by a mere ranking of 16 personality ? How weird it would be to fit perfectly in the boxes ! Let me tell you, if you didn't recognize yourself at 100% in the description, this is normal, and fortunately more than expected. I'm pretty sure all the person who commented doesn't fit neither at 100%, but they just convinced themselves, because, we're not going to lie, it so much pleasant to be told that you're part of the most intelligent type of people ! Haha. You now what, this is how totalitarian regimes start. Because this reveals how unconfident you are. An INTJ community, and what's the next step ? Starting despising all of those who aren't ranked as INTJ people ? I guess the most ridiculous i saw was that INTJ woman who was writing about how incredibly clever are the INTJ and concluded her paper by "For the others, it is impossible to become INTJ, you're born as an INTJ or not". This shows how much further that INTJ stuff goes, because that person started to define herself not as a human being named X etc, but as an INTJ person, which, more than a new identity, was just surpassing and overshadowing all of the others aspects of what she intrinsically was. This is soooooo dangerous and funny ; as some person are considering themselves as the smartest human beings on earth, they just start acting as the dumbest people I ever encountered in my life. What if tomorrow, scientific researches succeed in demonstrating that all of that theories of 16 personalities is total bullshit ? Because, yes, before we get too much carried away, put our feet on the ground. This IS ONLY THEORY. This may be TOTALLY FALSE. Did you did the researches ? How can you be so strongly sure of it ? Very simple: You want to believe, so you do believe it. You're creating this reality because you do LIKE this reality. Being categorized as a complex and intuitive person, with a very clever mind which leads to a lot of misunderstanding from others -you know, those silly idiots you despise- is, I do admit it, kind of fulfilling. BUT ALSO SO DUMB AND DANGEROUS !!!!!!
So be very careful and never let anyone or anything tell you how to act and how your personality work. You're unique. Whether there are some similarities between some human beings, you're much more complex and elaborated than any theoretical INTJ personality. You're the only one able to understand yourself, all the answers you're looking for are just inside you, waiting to be discovered.

Kiss and Peace

Not an INTJ person, just a human being lol

Meika (not verified) says...

When I was younger, I tested INTJ. Now that I have a few years on me, I seem to have developed the J and P almost equally. I read somewhere that as an INTJ, to be better able to get along with other people, I had to assign value to people's feelings. I think that is the only way I survived as a supervisor. Thank God, I worked in a military organization with other logical, less emotional people. Not saying I don't have feelings. I feel VERY deeply about certain things. However, my sometimes less than "loving" demeanor was brought home to me when during my retirement ceremony I made the commit that they were going to make me cry and someone responded, "I would like to see that happen." Well, they did see me cry. I love and greatly respect the military people I worked with. It was hard leaving them behind, which means I am NOT a cold robot.

Andrew1975 (not verified) says...

I fall strongly into this caregory and much of it really does apply to me. Only exception is, my belief in a higher power. I fully believe in an almighty God. Further, I accept there was a Jesus of Nazareth and his coming/message is one of salvation and peace. Despite our differences, I pray for a blessed 2017 to all, Christians, Jews, Muslims, Hindus, Buddists and others. May this be a year of reflection, love, and peace for us all.

bardoville says...

My logical conclusion about a higher power is that it's completely stupid to think that all of this came from nothing other than some 'big bang' theory. Are you kidding me?! Of course there is an architect!

TS91 (not verified) says...

The bible is a work of fiction, not facts. It mirrors myths from hundreds of years prior. (Flood story and The Epic of Gilgamesh)
And honestly to read everything the page has to offer and then attack the one point, that mind you says "least likely"...well that is yet another reason in the ever growing list of why I really avoid religious people. If you don't believe in their god they attack you, try to shove their belief down your throat. Sorry, not sorry I can't get behind a man in the sky who will let kids starve but has an opinion on what two people do in their own bed.

Personally, this is accurate to a "T".

Umm Minnesota (not verified) says...

I have to agree and disagree with this list. Just here me out. For a year I was working as a teachers assistant, I both hated and liked this job. The year prior I dropped out of law school and was kind of lost. Working at this unusual job for an INTJ gave me several new experiences. First, I improved my ability to communicate to an almost uncomfortable level. Second, I was so busy during the day physically, I was able to relax to a level that I hadn't been able to since before college five years prior. Also, because it was not a mentally draining job I could prosper in my hobbies and other interests. Now I am in school to become a sped teacher. Because I've found that no other career will be able to offer me such a good balance of work and personal time (summer vacation!) So this list is alright, but don't be like me and limit yourself to careers on a list, maybe try something you thought you might hate. Hopefully before you start something (usually expensive) that is supposed to be the best fit.

williyamjam (not verified) says...

I am most definitely an INTJ, even though it doesn't entirely match up with my personality. I think sometimes it's just up to talent. If you're talented at something, you'll try your best to excel at it. Perhaps it feeds on the determination part of the personality.visit us:

williyamjam (not verified) says...

Personality Types was (one of) the missing puzzle piece(s) I've been looking for. Additionally, there is some debate on whether or not personalities are developed or if it is something we are all born with. I believe the latter. If personalities could be changed or edited, the world would be out of balance. Understanding personalities is especially valuable for me in understanding why people behave the way they do; especially with the knowledge of acceptance.visit us:

javad (not verified) says...

I'not alone ;)

VENUS (not verified) says...

Lifelong learning...the quest of people with INTJ personality.

YM (not verified) says...

You will be 100% sure about your personality type when you get a clear and meaningful answers about the reason behind your life experiances ( about your behavior, skills, careers, hobbies, relationships....everything) so far.  I think i know myself today. Thank you for haring  this wonderful article.

Jason Town (not verified) says...

Hillary Clinton is no INTJ, she is highly emotional and not prone to logic.

Susan Daigle (not verified) says...

Great Post.

BRIDGET E (not verified) says...

I'm laughing because I see the INTJ comments compared to the other 16 personalities comments and they are LONG and very detailed giving rational explanations!!! lol


Yes, me too. (not verified) says...

Get out of my head guys. I kid.  

This is how I tend talk to myself in my head.  

This comment section is very comforting. 

Good luck navigating through the sea of non-INTJs today, guys! 

Josh@86 (not verified) says...


I believe we can change to be anyone we desire to be. With the reconditioning of the mind, one can be totally transformed.

I was an ENFP. Now, after taking the test twice, i got the INTJ result. 

I attribute this to a happening that ushered in the change. As Tony Robbins once said, we either do it because we are inspired or desperate. 

To all who are out there, know you are loved as who you are, accepted and cherished. 

I can't explain more, and i might be wrong but i don't care. Let's build a better tomorrow, for us and for those who are to come after us.

p/s: so that our generations may go and conquer space as Elon Musk endavours at SpaceX matures and bear fruit..?

Spartacus205 says...

Being an INTJ is the only logical way to go! What else is there but logic? 

bentlogix (not verified) says...

Do any of the other INTJ people also find themselves subconsciously analyzing offers that the other person didn't realize they were peddling? I find myself doing this in the dating stage when they tell me what they are or are not willing to do or what the relationship is or isn't. They are always surprised when I announced that it is a bad offer and respond with I didn't offer you anything then I explain what they suggested, they always seem irritated and annoyed. What I don't understand is, do they not realize what they did or is it they didn't expect me to notice or respond in that manner or is that women usually react with a hopeful smile with the thought that he doesn't know what he wants he needs time. I don't get it. I also do not understand how other personality types can judge INTJ's as being judgemental and not considered judgemental or close-minded themselves. Short-sightedness. Have to laugh.

abulurd boniface (not verified) says...

On the masthead for the INTJ personality type, a person with a chessboard is depicted, presumably to indicate the master mind trait that lets INTJ-type people see the world as pieces moving on a chess board.

The board is improperly oriented.

Oscar says...

Very interesting preposition of my character as an individual. Somewhat scary to see how little of the population posses these characteristics. Perhaps this is the reason I keep running across many types of flaws in many economic systems (Investment).

Eileen Averi (not verified) says...

I'm impressed and thankful that I found this page.  I've taken several of these personality tests in the past 30+ years, and this one actually fits.  I have a tendency to be a chameleon in my careers, I can adjust to what is needed but I do get bored once I've learned something and quickly want to move on to the next thing.

Interestingly, I find that people often think they know me well and then 'assume' that I am like them and have expectations of me that I can't understand. 

Jabulani Khubisa (not verified) says...

Hi, nice to know there are people like you out there. I've really struggled to find people who can relate to my hunger for knowledge, understanding systems, the stuff about the universe and all that. Cheers to being different and all the best intj's!

Coco (not verified) says...

So I tested as an INTJ (female). I’ve read what it says, but I still feel totally misunderstood. I don’t see very many people addressing an individuals mental health diagnosis’s, or dual diagnosis’s (addictions.) Do these diseases or disorders have anything to do with the said personality classification? Is it plausible that a person could have tested into a completely different category say, 5 years ago? I definitely identify with many of the described characteriatics of INTJ but I tend to think life circumstances and traumatic experiences changed me as a human being. Like, the core of my being, was altered by situations and events that have occurred in my life. For someone who is supposed to be a “mastermind,” I have sure proven to be the most naive form of such an esteemed statue. This is all so captivating to me, I just want to figure it all out. 

void says...

"A personality type is a stereotype

One common way to represent these results is to use four letters - e.g. I, N, T, and J, which are combined to make 'INTJ'. This indicates the direction of your preferences, but not how much you prefer one side over the other. The personality types - such as INTJ or INTP - are stereotypes that assume a certain degree of preference on all four dimensions."

THIS(^)is much more accurate, I think. This test/page(i mentioned)doesnt try to put you into a box(as this page clearly does)and then this page wants to tell you how you can be a good partner to someone from one of those types and what problems(and why)you have to have when you´re this type and how you can avoid this problems and what prejudices aginst some types there are and which are not true and why(and thats reallly ridicoulus as this page seems to create stereotypes). Even a small coment in the text that not EVERYTHING descriped has to fit you/that you don´t have to be 100% of the described stuff. Like i.e. those persons who say they´re INTJ but are artists and wonder how they can be artists when they´re INTJs. Really.




P.S.:I´m curious how long it will take until this comment is deleted.............

red starfish (not verified) says...

Hillary clinton, like, are you even trying to be serious in this article???

Rob in Cincinnati (not verified) says...

My personal thanks to everyone for posting to this group. I am a 52-year-old, male, INTJ, and I absolutely believe that the Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator test produces a useful set of binary scales that can be helpful in recognizing both strengths and weaknesses that in turn can be used as helpful tools to chart a course, or make course corrections. However, I also believe that there is zero correlation between knowing your personality type, and successful navigation of the career path and/or social relationships labyrinth. There are too many twists and turns as we interact with other Sapiens in this very mortal existence. As with most things, I think the framework is most helpful in hindsight - at analyzing and identifying what went right and what went wrong and why. Even so, the why's are interesting, and perhaps can help us make informed decisions moving forward. I would also like to share two other personality tests that have been helpful. The first of these is Gallup's StrengthsFinder (now Clifton StrengthsFinder)...very helpful when you consider that concentrating your self-improvement efforts on strengths rather than wasting time in self-criticism and doubt over weakness - provides more bang for the buck (this test is covered in the cost of the book which is used to interpret the results - well worth $). The second personality test is free, and there are a host of books and online sources available to interpret results. The HEXACO Personality Inventory (Revised) also represents cutting edge psychology research as it improves upon Goldberg's "Big Five" personality factors by examining the ultra-important aspect of Honesty and Humility (and to a lesser extent Altruism). I recommend all three: Myers-Briggs PTI, StrengthsFinder, and HEXACO to arrive at a good overall understanding of personality and all that the topic encompasses.

Obito (not verified) says...

Being here gives me an essence of belonging and calmness. Wish I could identify someone with the same type in real life, and discuss...

brylee (not verified) says...

I am an intj to y'all


brylee (not verified) says...

being in this personality type is awesome I love it I am a girl and it is pretty cool. My job that I am going to do is on this web site architect it is cool. see ya latter 

brylee (not verified) says...

you guys could text me on my email if you want on office365\

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