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The ENFP Personality Type

ENFPs are people-centered creators with a focus on possibilities and a contagious enthusiasm for new ideas, people and activities. Energetic, warm, and passionate, ENFPs love to help other people explore their creative potential.

ENFPs are typically agile and expressive communicators, using their wit, humor, and mastery of language to create engaging stories. Imaginative and original, ENFPs often have a strong artistic side. They are drawn to art because of its ability to express inventive ideas and create a deeper understanding of human experience.

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What does ENFP stand for?

ENFP is an acronym used to describe one of the sixteen personality types created by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers. It stands for Extraverted, iNtuitive, Feeling, Perceiving. ENFP indicates a person who is energized by time spent with others (Extraverted), who focuses on ideas and concepts rather than facts and details (iNtuitive), who makes decisions based on feelings and values (Feeling) and who prefers to be spontaneous and flexible rather than planned and organized (Perceiving). ENFPs are sometimes referred to as Champion personalities because of their enthusiasm for helping others realize their dreams.

ENFP Values and Motivations

ENFPs tend to be curious about others and preoccupied with discovering the deeper meaning in people and ideas. They want authentic experience and often seek emotional intensity. ENFPs are easily bored by details and repetition and seek out situations that offer an escape from the mundane. Novelty is attractive to ENFPs, who often have a wide range of interests and friends from many backgrounds.

ENFPs prize individuality and often consider the pursuit of happiness to be the highest priority in life, both for themselves and for others. They place great importance on personal freedom and self-expression, and want to be able to go wherever inspiration leads.

How Others See the ENFP

ENFPs love to talk about people: not just the facts, but what motivates them, what inspires them, and what they envision achieving in life. They’ll often share their own aspirations freely, and want to hear others’ in return. The ENFP is unlikely to judge anyone’s dream, and will discuss the most imaginative and outlandish of fantasies with warm, enthusiastic intensity. They love to explore creative possibilities, and nothing deflates them faster than talking about dry facts or harsh reality.

ENFPs often seem unconventional, and may come off as scattered; they don’t tend to be in touch with their physical surroundings. They often overlook the details, as they are more likely to focus on connecting with other people or on exploring their own imagination and self-expression. They have little patience for the mundane and want to experience life with intensity and flair. ENFPs often have an artistic streak, and may be artistic in appearance. Many have developed a distinctive and quirky personal style.

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How rare is the ENFP personality type?

ENFP is a moderately common personality type, and is the fifth most common among women. ENFPs make up:

  • 8% of the general population
  • 10% of women
  • 6% of men

Famous ENFPs

Famous ENFPs include Bill Clinton, Phil Donahue, Mark Twain, Edith Wharton, Will Rogers, Carol Burnett, Dr. Seuss, Robin Williams, Drew Barrymore, Julie Andrews, Alicia Silverstone, Joan Baez, and Regis Philbin.

ENFP Quotes

"They may be inspiring teachers, scientists, artists, advertising or salespeople, or almost anything they want to be."

- Isabel Briggs Myers, Gifts Differing

"Their enthusiasm is boundless and is often contagious, making them the most vivacious of all the types, and also inspiring others to join their cause."

- David Keirsey, Please Understand Me II

"ENFPs' ability to empower others is one of their most impressive contributions to the workplace."

- Otto Kroeger, Type Talk at Work

Facts about ENFPs

Interesting facts about the ENFP:

  • On personality trait scales, scored as Enthusiastic, Outgoing, Spontaneous, Changeable, Impulsive, Energetic, and Understanding
  • Scored among highest of all types in available resources for coping with stress
  • ENFP women are less likely to suffer from heart disease
  • ENFP men are less likely to suffer from chronic pain
  • Rated by psychologists as among most likely of all types to have trouble in school
  • Overrepresented among academically talented elementary school students
  • Personal values include Home & family, Friendships, Creativity, Learning, and Community Service
  • Commonly found in careers in counseling, teaching, religion, and the arts

Source: MBTI Manual

ENFP Hobbies and Interests

Popular hobbies for the ENFP include writing, creating and appreciating art, playing musical instruments, listening to music, participating in community theater, and reading fiction.

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Comments

AnINTJ (not verified) says...

This INTJ loves your type, but find this incorrect self evaluation infuriating.  What you have described here is a child, not a personality type.

Grow up, accept your weaknesses, and let others help you make the decisions you cannot.   Such is the human condition.

 

Jonny Richard (not verified) says...

It's curious to me that you love our type AND you are infuriated with our perspective of enjoying life and appreciating all of its variety. I prefer feeling good to being right. That said, you are absolutely correct in your assessment of our type. Spot on, my friend. You're the expert of your life experience and you have plenty of evidence to support your perspective that our personality type should "grow up, accept (our) weaknesses and let others help you make the decisions you cannot." 

I married an INTJ and we both found ways to love and accept one another without requiring a behavior or personality change. We help each other uncover the blind spots that our personality types block. It makes for fun & engaging (if not challenging and sometimes stressful) conversations!

If you have it all figured out - "the human condition" - why, then, do you need us to change? We'll be more than happy to allow you to be "right" and infuriated while we'll be over here being "incorrect" and happy...like so many beautiful children of this world (and aren't we all God's children anyway?). 

Sounds like a WIN-WIN, right?

:)

Hugs & high fives,
Jonny Richard - Conflict Resolution Coach with Cause & Effect

INFP (not verified) says...

I'm an INFP who is hooked on the ENFP type- you guys/girls rock! This response totally gave me joy. I just wonder if I can be in a romantic relationship with an ENFP. I adore them, but I may not be "S" enough to balance out all of his NP. As my mother puts it- "who will take care of all the concrete things like paying the bills and insurance?" But too much J and T I think can drive me crazy. Anyone has thoughts on the matter?

KiwiJulie (not verified) says...

Thankyou!

i have no desire to "grow up". 

if I can travel through this life and maintain the genuine wonderment and awe of a child - I will die happy. 

Mabel Monroe (not verified) says...

You nailed it.  Scary how much this described me and now I don't have to blame myself for being the way I am....thanks.

Tanner Bourne (not verified) says...

The way you describe us as ENFP's is the best description I've ever read. Thank you so much for this.

Marie Ch (not verified) says...

I agree! I hate rules, they are so fucking annoying. My family breathes Though rules and tradition and proven methods its been so hard to live with them. They always dismiss any idea with "but what if". Needless to say am the black sheep. And yes if I can find something that doesnt bore me to death in the first 10 min Ill stick to that with a passion (until it does, anyways).

Derekjw75 (not verified) says...

Oh man you just described every bit of my son in the way he would describe it. I'm an INFP so we share a lot of interests, but I've really struggled to understand how my son operates and how to best support him but this was really helpful. Thank you.

Ricci Underwood (not verified) says...

I'm using "Kalidoscopic Mind" as a way to describe myself from now.

Colleen Noelle (not verified) says...

That was perfectly stated! At first i wanted to argue with you when you said we're not scattered, cause Lord knows it looks as such! You brought a little bit of clarity to this with your rant and i couldn't thank you enough!

Olivia Romao (not verified) says...

Fantastic Description!!! I totally resonate.

Mike D (not verified) says...

As a fellow ENFP, I approve this message! Hit it right on the head my brother!

Waynee (not verified) says...

I suffer from drug/alcohol addcition and depression/bi-polar/anxiety. I tried to kill myself by jumping from my 4-story apartment window one year ago. I broke my spine and a bunch of other shit and I've spent the last year of my life getting sober and learning how to walk again. I now walk with a cane. I wonder if this has anything to do with my personality type? Any other ENFP struggle with the same things? LMK. I'm smiling today. I'm happy to be alive.

Crispy (not verified) says...

That's awesome to hear. I struggle with addiction and have thought hey might be easier...thanks for sharing 

Natalee Cervantes (not verified) says...

Wayne, very happy to hear that you are alive and that you are smiling about it. Growing up I think I have struggled with alcohol addiction at such a young age. I don't think this alone is something that is influenced by our personality type. My siblings have struggled with addictions as well and they are not ENFP's. What has helped me with overcoming this addiction is focusing my energy on other things that don't cause me stress or detriment. I think as ENFP's we are very emotional and sometimes for me at least my emotions can be overwhelming which led me down to paths of destruction and addiction. Smiling with you today. Our positive mindset says we will make it through and be okay :) 

Le says...

Fellow ENFP friend here, hope you are reading this, because there is hope and restoration for you, there is someone who can heal your wounds and restore your health. Jesus loves you so deeply that He sacrificed his life for you. In one parable, He tells about two distinct types of houses men built. One who built his house on the sand. The rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell. But the other one did not fall, because it had been founded on the Rock! He can be the Rock in your life you can build a Life of true abundance upon. With love.

Alexa Nicholson (not verified) says...

Would MicroBiology be a good job for an ENFP? Or would the sitting at the desk portion be too boring

Catherine (not verified) says...

Hi Wayne, I wanted to respond to your message because you've been to the edge, gone over it, and come back. that should be recognised! I don't have the knowledge to confirm if certain personality types are more likely to have mental health issues but I suspect everyone can from all types. I'd like to say that I have overcome my darkest times and now live life with so much positivity and I know you can too. The turnarounds for me were Buddhism, meditation and, most recently, Solution Focused Practice, an approach I now use in my work as a counsellor. Good luck Wayne with your future🙂

Thomas says...

Im glad you are ok and love life. I'm an ENFP and I have a chronic pain condition. Before I developed it I was a world traveler, I worked for myself. After I developed it my life feel apart, I had to have good health insurance, I needed a stable income, and needed to keep to a 8-5 schedule in order for my pain to be manageable. I am an artist and prefer to stay up late so doing this felt almost impossible. It was very hard for me to drive to work or walk long distances. For a period of 6 months my wife had to get a job while I was attending a free pain managment program to manage my pain. She resented me, so she had an affiar with another man. She found my replacement and I divorced her. For a brief period i turned to alcohol as an escape.  I almost killed myself twice. I dont think suicide and addiction is an ENFP thing. I think it is in all of us. Sometimes our idea of life  doesnt meet our expectations. A tramatic event triggers us.  I lost my wife, friends and some family members because  I was no longer useful to them or they didnt understand what was happening to me....so they blamed me. But as an ENFP we have to be around people and when they leave us it hurts us to our soul. I had to learn to put myself 1st and to maintain a schedule and play by the rules to better myself. I also learned to meditate and live in the moment and to not be lonely. I learned that pain is inevitable and suffering is optional. And to fight for myself and not care about what people think. Im also happy to be alive. Enfps are optimistic and see all the great things in life. That is what we have going for us. What we need to do is not rely on people for our sense of self and to be more structured. That is the key. It really is one day at a time. 

LifsACelebration (not verified) says...

Be careful when being told you are bi-polar and accepting that diagnosis... I learned as a 40 something year old that I have ADD. I wondered several times if I had bi-polar disorder, but never experienced bouts of mania, so ruled it out myself. Undiagnosed and unmedicated, ADD/ADHDers typically struggle with addictions and chronic depression. Once I began meds for my ADD, I stopped cycling through regular periods of depression and was able to stop taking Fluoxetine/Prozac which I'd been on for at least a few years after fighting my doctor to not take it for 2-3 years. At the time, it was helpful, but I also ate sugar like a kid having a daily Halloween candy buffet!! My brain needs and craves stimulants- without my Adderall, it will get them some orher way. Depression should never be a diagnosis... it is a symptom of some root cause. In my case, ADD. If it hadn't been for my sister who is a Special Ed teacher, I would have accepted my bi-polar diagnosis, but she knew better, so I fought for what I believed and got the help I needed. It is very common, especially for ADDers to get misdiagnosed... we aren't hyper, but take a look at the living space, or office/desk, or car of an ADD/ADHDer and it is utter disorganization. Stacks and stuff on every available surface. I personally cannot go grocery shopping without it taking 2-3 hours in the store with a list! I get distracted, decide on new meals/recipes, forget items and have to go back to the same aisle over and over, then forget to put items back I changed my mind about, check my list/recipes over a dozen times, but forgot I was going to double the recipe and use x instead of y, then I remember and have to go back again... all because they were out of something and I don't want to have to repeat this process in yet another store! The simple things are incredibly difficult- that is the major difference between ADD/ADHDers and those w/out the condition; organizational abilities and focus abilities. Just wanted to put that out there for anyone who might benefit. :) 

Biopicnina (not verified) says...

Enfp. Bipolar. Anxeity, selfharm, panic attacs, flashbacks from trauma.. uuumm. I think thats about it. I really dont think our meyers brigg personality has much to do with our illness. How we express and cope with it sure, but it is an illness. Like diabetes it's something that just happens, out of our control. What was the point with this? Wait, I think I already made it. Man my head is a mess today. Glad you're feeling better. Dont give up.

Adrenaline Junkee (not verified) says...

Yep.  I was in the army and changed jobs several times before getting into the Special Forces.  Got out climbed towers and then went to university studying counseling where I then became a heroin addict for two years, almost topped myself.  Been clean for six months and now working with horses.  Life is good. 

I'm hearing you mate...

James W (not verified) says...

I am a part of several ENFP groups (because if we don't socialize I'm pretty sure we'd melt) and mental health, or the ailments affecting such, is a common topic and thread. Myself absolutely included.

I cannot objectively say if we're more liable to have depression or develop bipolar or suicidal tendencies, but I think we just FEEL it more. We're a very intense type, in all walks, and it manifests in those dire moments.

You're not alone, I'm not alone, and we're both smiling. It's kind of cool in a messed up way. 

Antoine (not verified) says...

Hey Waynee,   My name is Antoine, and I an a ENFP as well. I too, have struggled with drug and alcohol addiction.

 

Louise L (not verified) says...

I found friends are extremely important to an ENFP. Because you rely on friends' energy a lot, you need to be careful with what influence they bring to you. Choose them wisely. Caring too much about what other people think of you could make you feel miserable. Best wishes!

marritza caldaron (not verified) says...

im single and misserible............

Cristian Víctor-Vega (not verified) says...

Don't worry Marritza, by the way, ENFP here.  The best I can provide for you is to practice mindfulness.  Since ENFPs are philophiles, that is lovers of love, we must feed off of love.  One way to do this is to make a playlist of love songs; make sure you sing along!  Also, tune in your thoughts and feelings with the music; fantasize about what you and someone you love could be.  Ne is our primary function and seeing  "what could be" is extremely essential, specifically in an optimistic manner.  Fi is our secondary function, therefore if you have no one to express your feelings towards, music is the way to go, especially by singing and tuning in.  Like I said, we are lovers of love, and by sending out love to the universe, the universe will send us love back.  This way, you will notice that people care about you, and you will notice that people love you, and people will love you.  I mean c'mon, that's just how the Law of Attraction works.  Hence, keep your head up and be optimistic about life; pessimism only destroys an ENFP (trust me, I've been in the depths of reality and it's traumatized me).  I think that's about it for today.  But to sum it all up, just practice optimism, do what's best for you, and good luck at it.  Cheers!

Cindi (not verified) says...

I've never felt more attacked and understood in my life LOL I work in communications, am attending school to finish my bachelor in communications, and am a published children's book author. I would imagine the main charachter in my Jellibean Adventure series is an ENFP as well. I positively love connecting with people. I especially love to sit and listen to stories from elders in our community. 

Jesus (not verified) says...

since i'm a kid and an just wondering about what I am most of this stuff I can agree with except the "not caring about details part" because we sure do pay attention to things and people that care about

Trish98 (not verified) says...

I am actually very detailed oriented and I do like to keep things realistic. I don't like to focus on the terrible all the time though I mean who does? 
Found it strange that those traits are those of an ENFP (not focused on details/not wanting to discuss the harsh things in reality)

Chelsea Moore (not verified) says...

I love the Myers-Briggs personality assessments, but we should be careful not to swallow such things lock, stock and barrel.  People are inherently complex and sometimes we change.  I am an INTJ  and am told an ENFP is one of the best types for me.  Yet I harbor reservations.   Likewise, I would use the assessments as general guideline

Greg S (not verified) says...

Please be careful, INTJ / ENPF relationships do not work so well in the long run!

I am myself an INTJ in an ENPF relationship and I have been fooled by the notion of ENPF beeing the ideal partner for INTJs by complementing each others strengths. The truth is, ENPF and INTJ are very different in their thinking and feelings. In the beginning this makes for a really intriguing relationship but causes a lot of friction and frustrations in the long run.

What INTJ and ENPF have in common are mostly their weaknesses: Both INTJ and ENPF are very sensitive and have a low tolerance threshold in general. And they both have a strong need to be in control (to protect their freedom) and do it their way. Having a low tolerance and a strong need to do things in his own way causes a lot of friction in any relationship. Unless the conflict resolution behavior of the „ENPF“ partner is very very well-developed, things will get really ugly as soon as the relationship gets in distress and either the INTJ or the ENPF gets defensive. And because, it is sort of the ENPF‘s (dark) nature to manipulate other people (they usually do so unconsciously), you will not see if an ENPF disagrees with you unless the ENPF wants to: ENPFs can make you feel perfectly comfortable even when they HATE you intensively. In a relationship the manipulative capability/behavior of the ENPF is a heavy burden.

Although my conclusion is quite unfair towards ENPF people, I have to conclude that while ENPFs are fantastic for short-therm love affairs, ENPFs are hardly suitable for INTJ in a long-therm relationship. Of course, each person is an individual, especially ENPF people, so I‘m definitely sure there are plenty of working ENPF/INTJ relationships out there, but the chances of success is disheartening.

Also, I apologize to ENPF people for characterising the ENPF as being manipulative. I know, ENPF people are by far mean people, they just can‘t help but manipulate other people’s feelings (and often their own reasoning, too).

Chelsea Moore (not verified) says...

I love the Myers-Briggs personality assessments, but we should be careful not to swallow such things lock, stock and barrel.  People are inherently complex and sometimes we change.  I am an INTJ  and am told an ENFP is one of the best types for me.  Yet I harbor reservations.   Likewise, I would use the assessments as general guideline

Gerrie (not verified) says...

Are you only about details, because an ENFP can be about details in specific situations, being eager to learn and explore and be fair. Just not on everything and always. You can also be realistic more so if you developed your rational and sensing talents. You don't always only have to about dreams, you can also very much be about achieving dreams, I wouldn't call it goals though :)

Danie S (not verified) says...

I agree. Retake the test. I am exactly all the above. I relate to 95% of this. And I am thrilled to have found it. I always thought of myself as flighty, cant concentrate for long periods. I always want to help my office partners work toward their goals...I'm impressed. This is the only test that sounds like me.

Jesus (not verified) says...

personally we ( if you are an enfp if your not then ok fine by me) very detailed with things that we love do to do or people that we love

 

Sieuzy (not verified) says...

Hi. 

I would reccomend taking the test again maybe off a different site like 16 Personalities to see what you come up with. For example your E could move to I and or P move to J .  Also  ask yourself when you took the test, was it at work or school or home where ypu took it and who was with you. Sometimes outside influences can change your mood and change your answer in the moment. Remember  this is just a general descriptor and you are you, a unique  individual unlike no other. 🌞

The Rodent (not verified) says...

A Tom Delonge type.

broski (not verified) says...

pretty accurate

RoxC (not verified) says...

My outey is an iney also 😂

LauraP (not verified) says...

This sounds like me

jamya mills (not verified) says...

wow we both have something alike twinnnnnn!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Call me V (not verified) says...

I am in constant concern that my ENFP personality is going to either paralyze my body, or maybe possibly kill me at some point. I work at 2 gas stations, and I always put to much strain on my body and mind. I call it a 'save the world complex'. I have a bad tendency to do anything/everything I can to help everyone with everything. Even if I am screaming with pain throughout my body from overworking it on multiple days with no rest because my mind refuses to stop trying to solve the world's problems. Always researching and finding new ways to perform every task possible. Always volunteering my services and information I've aquired. I don't get paid for all the extra hours of back breaking labor I put in at my job, other than what I'm scheduled, and I rarely ever charge a dime for my labor/effort. Only thing that would be charged is if I needed to aquire a part or tool that I don't have the materials on hand to make/build from scratch. Even after a house fire that took everything I owned including my vehicle, and put me on the street! I always have to be reminded that I need to eat, constantly, until I do or someone physically puts food in my mouth. And the worst part of it all is I do it all with a smile on my face that is genuine, when I can put a smile on someone else's; but there is also tears of sorrow for neglecting my well being at the same time. People tell me the world needs more people like me, I say No! I need to be better to myself for that statement to be true...., now let me plug the hole in your tire so I know you make it home safe, because after my 18 hr shift I just finished working non-stop, I won't be able to sleep until you call me when you get home and let me know you made it there safely; Stranger that I just happened to have noticed needing more coins for the air machine after 2 attempts of filling 1 tire with air. If it pops it may kill you just for being near it. 

Cristian Víctor-Vega (not verified) says...

ENFP here, and you surely are older than me (I'm 16).  Anyways, I can quite relate to what you're going through.  I myself went into a state of introspection and became a realist after going through an ACL injury.  It's been almost two years since and I have suffered along the journey, but I am starting to get back up.  I will say that what you are going through is an internal conflict and not an external one.  You know, I too would help others without necessarily helping myself first.  But, I eventually found out that I  must first be selfish and love myself so I can then be selfless and love others.  The Law of Attraction will then come to play, but that is only if you love yourself, for if you do, people will start to mirror you, and they will love you back.  On the other hand, an ENFP not loving themselves is quite paradoxical as ENFPs depend on people's energy, and not loving yourself will make people distance themselves away from you despite your selflessness (ex. a good man does good deeds, but good deeds does not make a good man).  Also, on the 'save the world complex' ideology, that is just a delusion for the ENFP mind.  No one is capable of changing the world by themselves, and knowing more about the problems of life only destroys an ENFP; it saturates our minds with innecessary thoughts and it enervates us.  A healthy ENFP will be sanguine (i.e. optimisitc during a difficult situation), and they will consider 'what could be' in an optimistic manner to get out of such circumstances.  We as ENFPs benefit a lot from harmony and that comes from within, for our auxillary function is Fi.  Therefore, love yourself by practicing mindfulness OR create a balance, a harmony of the past and the future.  Look at the present and be appreciative/grateful of what you have and be in tune with yourself (singing love songs is vital for us ENFPs as we crave love) OR look at the past, at the times when you were happier, and implement those things into your 'what could be' (future possibilities) so that you actually realize them in the future.  Perhaps what I am saying might not apply to you but based on my experiences, memories, and observations, I can certainly tell you that this has helped me and it's only been within a matter of days (we ENFPs can adapt to change rather quickly).  Therefore, love yourself, go out there and spread love, and be the healthy ENFP you are meant to be!  Cheers!

Janajones says...

You aren't 16.

Cristian Víctor-Vega (not verified) says...

I am lol

Marie Ch (not verified) says...

Why not join volunteering schemes? (Paid volunteering). Doesnt sound like you are in the right place. Which part of yourself you may be avoiding to go through such pain(s)? Or do you think this is what you deserve (for being so different?)?

Denise1124 (not verified) says...

Yes, me too. It has been a life long struggle because I care so very much. I suspect self love and self care are the solution. How can I love myself as much as I love the world because I am every bit as precious and deserve that love and attention. 

Lemonlime (not verified) says...

Wow! That is how my mind works for sure. So tricky to find maintainable balance. I know I have to figure some way to put boundaries around self maintenance so I can model it for my kids. I can see they don't know how to do it because they haven't seen it. What does it look like! Awwwwww

Gavin says...

thats nice

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