What are the Different Types of Career Tests?

There are many types of career tests that can help you find the job that is the best fit for you. Each type of test gives insight into a different aspect of the job search process: interest tests help you identify what you love to do; aptitude tests show your natural capabilities and potential; skills/proficiency tests assess your skill set; and values inventories measure the beliefs and attitudes that drive you. Career tests, along with personality tests, give you the framework to better understand yourself as you navigate your career journey.

“There is no greater thing you can do with your life and your work than follow your passions – in a way that serves the world and you.” – Richard Branson

All career tests, regardless of their name or methodology, aim to help you find the career that will be the most rewarding for you. Some career tests analyze your personality to find your best career match while others may focus on a few essential skills that employers require. While there is no rigid classification of career test types, most will adopt one or more of the following approaches:

  • Interest test
  • Aptitude test
  • Skill test
  • Values inventory
  • Personality test

Let's look at each of these career test types in more detail.

Interest tests

Interest tests help to identify what you love to do and what you don't love to do, so you can find occupations that match your interests. They ask questions to uncover what subjects you are passionate about, activities you like to do in your free time or job roles that have been inspiring for you in the past. Interest testing is useful for people who have a vague idea of what they want to do with their life, but need help translating their interests to specific career paths or narrowing down their choices.

Example tests: Strong Interest Inventory®,  Motivational Appraisal Personal Potential (MAPP),  O*Net Interest Indicator, Princeton Review

Aptitude tests

Unlike interest tests that measure your passions and hobbies, aptitude tests assess your natural capabilities and potential. They are commonly used to evaluate skills like problem-solving, spatial reasoning, physical coordination and the ability to understand complex topics. High schools, colleges and employers use these tests to discover if someone has potential talents or weaknesses when it comes to certain jobs. They are also helpful in career planning, to learn more about what occupations best suit your abilities, and career development to help figure out suitability for promotional positions and lateral career moves.

Example tests: Clifton Strengths, Slingerland Screening Inventory, Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery.

Skills tests

Skills tests, also known as proficiency tests, assess the technical skills you already have in various areas such as writing, statistics and software development. Employers use them to verify that a candidate has the skills they claim on their resume to possess. While the primary goal of these tests is to help employers shortlist candidates for a job interview, they can be useful for people who already are employed in a job they enjoy and need help identifying which skills they need to develop to succeed in it.

Examples: Criteria Basic Skills Test, Wonderlic Basic Skills tests, various task- and process-specific tests e.g. Microsoft Office Specialist Test, QuickBooks ProAdvisor.

Values inventories

Values inventories measure your values, beliefs and attitudes. They are designed to help you identify values that you relate to and those you don't – for example, whether you are more likely to be driven by a desire for personal recognition, a desire for work-life balance, or a desire to be of service to others. Inventories work by measuring how your “personal truth” corresponds to those of people already employed in various positions.

Examples: Work Values Matcher, Portrait Values Questionnaire, Personal Values Assessment

Personality tests

Unlike other test types that measure one trait or facet, personality tests look at all the personal characteristics that make you unique, such as your extroversion, emotional makeup, decision-making style and how you interact with people and situations. They are much broader than other typologies and include an element of interest, aptitude and values testing within the larger framework.

Not all tests are the same. Some look at your behavior in a variety of situations while others are more focused on how you think and behave in the workplace. You can use both types of personality tests to understand yourself better before you start the process of career selection, and later when you are deciding your next best career move.

Examples: TypeFinder, Big Five, Enneagram, DISC, Truity's Career Personality Profiler, Holland Code.

Tests that use the Holland Code system

The Holland Code is one of the most popular career assessment models and has been around since the 1960s. It looks at six basic personality types: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising and Conventional, which are often referred to by the acronym RIASEC. These categories are used to classify people’s interests and can be used to match them up with suitable occupations that correspond to those interests.

A lot of the modern career tests you see today are based on or heavily influenced by the Holland Code, and numerous providers have put their spin on this system over the years. Tests such as Self-Directed Search®, the Strong Interest Inventory® tool and the Campbell Interest and Skill Survey are all informed by the Holland Code. Some tests add additional interest areas to the six RIASEC categories while others stick more closely to the original framework.

Truity’s Career Personality Profiler is based on the Holland Code and Big Five systems.  It's a comprehensive assessment of your interests, career values, personality and aptitudes to give you a better understanding of the types of roles that might be the best fit for you.

How accurate are career tests?

The Holland Code is one of the most popular and widely used career test frameworks available. Numerous academic studies confirm that it has high levels of accuracy and reliability when determining a person's work disposition, and is consistent and coherent when matching people to jobs with compatible interests and work styles. Any test that is based on this framework is likely to be accurate and helpful in helping people discover their career direction. 

As always, it’s recommended that you choose a reputable provider and read the customer reviews to ensure you get the best possible results.

What is the best career test?

Different tests have different goals, so the “best” career test is one that meets your needs. Some (like the Holland Code) are great for exploring different job options, while others (especially those offered by job-search agencies) are better suited to helping individuals match their skills to jobs that are currently available.

Additionally, some tests may be more appropriate for those who have an idea of what career path they want to pursue while others are better for those who are just starting out and exploring different possibilities. Ultimately, the best career test is one that helps you achieve your goals. The following resources should help you.

What type of career test is best for me?

Best career test for students

When planning your next move after college, you'll need to choose a test that gives you clarity over the realistic possibilities that match your path of study, interests and career goals. Read about the best career test for students.

Best career test for adults

Thinking about your next career move or contemplating a significant career transition? You'll need to select a test that delves into personality, values and transferable skills so you can find a job that is meaningful to you and hit the ground running with confidence. Read about the best career test for adults.

Best career tests for going to school

The choice of a major can orient the rest of your life, so you should select a test that brings your passions to the surface and helps identify the right course of study for your future. Read about the best career tests for choosing a college major.

Best career tests for high school students

Wondering what your next steps are after graduating high school? The world of career options can be intimidating, so choose a test that gives you an honest picture of the prospects that fit your preferences. Read about the best career test for high schoolers.

Jayne Thompson
Jayne is a B2B tech copywriter and the editorial director here at Truity. When she’s not writing to a deadline, she’s geeking out about personality psychology and conspiracy theories. Jayne is a true ambivert, barely an INTJ, and an Enneagram One. She lives with her husband and daughters in the UK. Find Jayne at White Rose Copywriting.