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The ENFJ Personality Type

ENFJs are idealist organizers, driven to implement their vision of what is best for humanity. They often act as catalysts for human growth because of their ability to see potential in other people and their charisma in persuading others to their ideas. They are focused on values and vision, and are passionate about the possibilities for people.

ENFJs are typically energetic and driven, and often have a lot on their plates. They are tuned into the needs of others and acutely aware of human suffering; however, they also tend to be optimistic and forward-thinking, intuitively seeing opportunity for improvement. The ENFJ is ambitious, but their ambition is not self-serving: rather, they feel personally responsible for making the world a better place.

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What does ENFJ stand for?

ENFJ is an acronym used to describe one of the sixteen personality types created by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers. It stands for Extraverted, iNtuitive, Feeling, Judging. ENFJ indicates a person who is energized by time spent with others (Extraverted), who focuses on ideas and concepts rather than facts and details (iNtuitive), who makes decisions based on feelings and values (Feeling) and who prefers to be planned and organized rather than spontaneous and flexible (Judging). ENFJs are sometimes referred to as Teacher personalities because of their interest in helping others develop and grow.

ENFJ Values and Motivations

ENFJs are driven by a deep sense of altruism and empathy for other people. They have an intuitive sense of the emotions of others, and often act as an emotional barometer for the people around them. However, their compassion not reserved for the people close to them: they are often humanitarian in nature, and may feel genuine concern for the ills of the entire human race. They tend to personally experience the feelings of others, and feel compelled to act when they see people suffering.

ENFJs want close, supportive connections with others, and believe that cooperation is the best way to get things done. They like to be liked and are very sensitive to feedback, both positive and negative. They expect the best not just from themselves, but from others as well, and may find themselves disappointed when others are not as genuine in their intentions as the ENFJ. ENFJs work hard to maintain strong relationships, and strive to be valuable members of their families, groups, and communities.

How Others See the ENFJ

ENFJs are natural teachers, often found organizing people to take part in some educational activity. They tend to take charge of a situation, and guide a group towards those activities and experiences which will help them learn and grow. They intuitively see the potential in people, and with charisma and warmth, they encourage others to pursue greater development of their strengths. They are typically dynamic and productive, and are often visibly energized when leading others to discover new knowledge.

ENFJs are typically good communicators, talented at using words to connect with others. They are perceptive about people and enjoy talking about relationships. They often enjoy helping others solve personal problems and like to share their insights about people, their emotions, and their motivations. They are empathetic sometimes to the point of being overinvolved, and can become exhausted if they are surrounded by too much negative emotion.

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How rare is the ENFJ personality type?

ENFJ is one of the less common types in the population, especially for men. Among men, ENFJ is the second rarest type. ENFJs make up:

  • 3% of the general population
  • 3% of women
  • 2% of men

Famous ENFJs

Famous ENFJs include Oprah Winfrey, Pope John Paul II, Margaret Mead, Ralph Nader, Abraham Maslow, Dr. Phil McGraw, and Martin Luther King, Jr.

ENFJ Quotes

"ENFJs are likely to have a gift of expression, but they may use it in speaking to audiences rather than in writing."

- Isabel Briggs Myers, Gifts Differing

"Teachers expect the very best of those around them, and their enthusiasm inspires action in others and the desire to live up to their expectations."

- David Keirsey, Please Understand Me II

"When an ENFJ is present, no matter what the product or mission, the people involved will be important and the human dynamic will be made a central part of the process."

- Otto Kroeger, Type Talk at Work

Facts about ENFJs

Interesting facts about the ENFJ:

  • On personality trait scales, scored as Active, Pleasant, Sociable, Demanding, Impatient, Appreciative, and Compromising
  • Most likely of all types to cope with stress by exercising
  • Most likely of all types to believe in a higher spiritual power
  • Ranked by psychologists as among least likely to have trouble in school
  • Personal values include Friendships, Education & Learning, Creativity, and Community Service
  • Among types highest in job satisfaction, but also among most likely to report plans to leave their jobs
  • Commonly found in careers in religion, teaching, and the arts

Source: MBTI Manual

ENFJ Hobbies and Interests

Popular hobbies for the ENFJ include organizing social events, reading, the arts, museums, storytelling, listening to music, writing, and gourmet cooking.

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Caroline32 (not verified) says...

This info is so me. :) I am an ENFJ and work as a registered dietitan in a project coordinator role. I love feeling like I am changing or helping others. I dated a ESTP. No wonder that did not work out!!


JB Kiss (not verified) says...

I am an ENFJ in the Finance and Accounting world, which seems odd.  However, I usually serve as a trainer, problem solver and morale builder within my work groups. 

One thing I do struggle with is self-promotion.  I get paid far less than I should for the level of responsibility and knowledge that I have.  Is that an issue for other ENFJ's?

(P.S. - not Taurus, but Virgo)

Anna Serrano says...

Reading your comment I felt like you were taking the words directly out of my head.  I too adn in the Finance/Accounting world and I migrate towards any project that puts me in the trainer, problem solver role.

m.fardin (not verified) says...

i am enfj but i like engineering and programming ;) now i don't know what to do

Mohammad sadegh (not verified) says...

  Wow, I am an ENFJ

Meagainstthegulag says...

Took me until 53 to find out there was nothing wrong with me. Taurus fwiw.  I see that in the comments. Is that a trend?

Pria L. (not verified) says...

I remember listing the fields I am interested in (as I'm an incoming senior high student here in the Philippines). I always thought it was so bizarre because the courses I'm interested in were so different with each other. But when I found out that I was an ENFJ, I found an answer. I am still undecided but I knew I wanted to help others, make a positive change. I just couldn't convince my mother enough. I am the breadwinner of our family and also the first born. I understand she wants me to have a stable job in the future. But anyways, I am happy to know about other people with the same type as me!

Danielle Salomon (not verified) says...

My sister's an ENFJ. It really helps me understand her better. (I'm an ENFP or an INFP, not sure what's what)

Bri the Health Coach (not verified) says...

I love reading this. It was incredibly spot on. So cool!

Helen perry (not verified) says...

Hello fellow ENFJ's… Taurus’… Indecisive people… ! :D

I’m currently working in customer service but am thinking of re-training to be an Art Therapist, Art Teacher or Interior Designer. I have experience in working with interior designers (selling/designing bespoke rugs for them) but am worried that I wouldn’t be able to handle the stress of overseeing a whole project.

I doubt my people skills with all these roles as I am borderline introvert depending on my mood/confidence level, and feel I sometimes lack authority, but I would love a job that combines creativity with helping people.  

I am 25 without a degree and it increasing looks like I should go study for one…

Any pointers?

Loula (not verified) says...

I'll tell you what someone told me when I was about your age - just do it. 


That's it. Just do it. 

Nicole D (not verified) says...

ENJF and Taurus here, too! I've been in Human Resources my whole career and it suits my personality and birth sign perfectly. Something to consider. People skills, organziational skills and there are many types of jobs in HR to feed your creativity.

Good luck!

Andy says...

I used to be indecisive, now I am not so sure...;-)

Yep, ENFJ Taurus here!

You already know what to do! Get that Degree. I have found making lists and putting my dream onto paper turns it into a goal I can execute on. Set a schedule, plan, execute on it before something shiny comes along. A career change to Therapist is something I am considering (I have been an engineer/manager for 27 years). I am also working a program of recovery (was an active addict for many years) and I can say for sure my personality has changed.

Mary Ann (not verified) says...

Sounds very familiar!

Tessa (not verified) says...

Hell Helen, I am also a ENFJ and taurean and I am about to embark on my Art Psychotherapist training after many years of a break from studying for my first degree.  I recommend you look into progressing to a degree and although I have yet to begin my course, I am currently educating myself on the concepts of Art Therapy and I find it very interesting and suits my personality perfectly. Maybe it would be an idea to find out about courses available to you and if the career opportunities are what would suit your ambition.

Faith (not verified) says...

This is me!!! Omg! It's scary how everything is correct!

Dominik (not verified) says...

Ya .for me exactly the same .All is true about me .When i find out i am enfj i relise why i am how i am .

Thea says...

Wow...I thought that there are a lot of people that are ENFJ because I think many people I know fits this description but it's really sad to see only 3% of the general peopulation is ENFJ

Tula (not verified) says...

I really feel it is the best description of me. I am sad that % of us ENFJ is so small. 

I am currently a trainee nurse. Working mostly at AED until I qualify as nursing assistant. I am glad my tough career choice is a right one 😍 Especially at moment. 

My cheers to all ENFJ s 😍  You are amazing x 

Edward Evans (not verified) says...

Cheers to you too! It appears that ENFJs are so rare, I know only a friend who is also an ENFJ like me and we are pretty close to each other. It's hard to find another ENFJ now.

NR_BW (not verified) says...

I'm an INFP and my best friend is an ENFJ and I love her SOOOO much! she is so understanding and doesn't hold me back from my crazy imagination. so to all you out there if you meet an INFP be they're friend, they NEED you!

~an 16 year old INFP

UwUArt (not verified) says...

Omg I realize that this is totally true, and I'm an ENFJ and my best friend is an INFJ and she sounds JUST like you! With the wild imagination and all.


WHY WEIRDY (not verified) says...

Im ENFJ and what they say about me is ALL TRUE 

WHY WEIRDY (not verified) says...


Gary Gatlin (not verified) says...

WOW!!!  This scary accurate!!!!  If you had listed also library in the hobbies...everything listed is so me...thanks 

Dietitian Roberta says...

Subject: Body Shaming

I'm a registered dietitian working in the weight-loss field. I use type as a way to help people lose weight in a way that is comfortable for their type.  Asking, say, Perceivers to keep a food diary could possibly set them up for failure.  But considering who they are can help them address the issue more sensitively.

Right now I'm concerned about all the body shaming that is occurring, especially on social media.  I'm trying to figure out where type fits into that.

Our population is the heaviest it's ever been. There is now 67% of the population who is either overweight or obese. There is a lot of body shaming happening today.

Do you think it's just because of the anonymity of social media, allowing people to say whatever they please, that we're seeing more body shaming? Do you believe there are certain personality types that would tend to do the body shaming?

What personality type do you think would react to body shaming by eating more to pacify the hurt felt?

Thanks for your input.

Bri the Health Coach (not verified) says...

Hi Roberta!

I am a health coach, working one on one with people to change their diets and lifestyles. I too see a lot of body shaming, but I think it is a multi level issue. I think body shaming has been prevalent in our society long before the internet. (Think pin up girls of ww2). I think that social media gives people who feel terrible about themselves an outlet to try to deflect that negativity into others without physical confrontation. I also see, in every single one of my clients, that they body shame themselves. It is heartbreaking and usually requires some intense internal work for my clients to make even a small shift away from this thought pattern. Again, I feel that this has been ingrained in people throughout the ages in our society. I believe every personality type has the potential to be a victim to this, either as someone who feels the need to bully others or as someone who feels they have to self loathe. I work to fix this every day. I hope this answer helps!

Flora - high school senior (not verified) says...

Hello Roberta, as a teenager that is very active on social media platforms like Instagram and Snapchat, I do believe a large part of body shaming is from the anonymity but i also know that has very little to do with why they body shame. I think body/beauty standards are ridiculous now and everyone who does not fit the mold is seen as "big" or out of fashion. Even people that are perfectly fine and healthy will see a reason to change themselves. Also, it is known that most insecure people perpetuate their own self loathing thoughts to others and social media is the perfect platform to do so. Modern day life is a breeding ground for this toxic behavior.

feni (not verified) says...

fellow enfj, i have 2 brothers that are infps who are morbidly obese, and a esfp mother who goes to overreaters anoymous classes, also morbid obese. i went into a depression and myself gained +100lbs. ive been making better health choices and not taking medications for depression ive now lost 80 lbs and ive been trying to get them healthy as well. Now i want to be a dietitian too lol. my dad "anytype" of shamed my mother, and she pacifies her unhappiness with eating, she wont acknowledge it as that and prefers the label and the connection. Eating and indulgence became a coping mech, i have no clue what my fathers personality is, but he is old school "call it as i see it" but just calling people fat to motivate is hard on infps. Im a millenial, and video games had alot of us in the house for longer periods of time and there was definitely the urge to hide from shamers as shaming was SOOOOOO common in those days, so id say, any type with a  Se - external Sensing as a third or forth function, or any type that jumps to those traits in bad times  will be the types to shame. The internet causes alot of people to participate unfortunately and some will do it just to connect to others especially with anonymity, so yea any type can do it if they are introduced to it. i havent opened up in a long time lol

Betazoid (not verified) says...

While certain personality types do gravitate toward certain clusters of mental illness, it's important to keep the two separate -- e.g., anyone of any personality type can suffer from bipolar or schizophrenia or anorexia.  There's a lot more going on with any given mental illness than PT such as family history, peer influences, genetics, possibly even things like food allergies.  That said, I think the personality disordered are most likely to be openly critical and devoid of empathy for others, as a general rule.

Regarding your question about fat shaming: I think a lot of it, sadly, is just typical social primate behavior.  One person does it and then others pile on. The big monkey hits the smaller monkey on the head because the big monkey can, and for no other reason.  It's a power thing, in part - it makes the big monkey feel strong and may have the side benefit of causing others to either admire the big monkey's strength, or at least to fear the big monkey. 

The Online Disinhibition Effect magnifies it, no doubt. Most people, being innately emotionally lazy, will say things online that they would never in a million years DARE to say to someone's face.  That and text is generally a terrible medium for communicating about anything fraught or sensitive because it strips away all facial expression, all body language, all tone of voice... all the things that help to humanize our interactions and help us to correctly discern someone's intent and motive in what they're saying.

It's also human nature to value the rare more than we value the common. These days it is rare for people to be slim, so slim people are seen as more attractive. In times and places where there was extreme scarcity, being plump was desirable and being too slim was seen as unattractive, so some of it is cultural.  In current Western culture, it is implied that anyone who is slim has their life under control, perhaps becasue others assume the slim person exercises a certain amount of dietary restaint (be it in amount, frequency, food choice, or some combination of the above), works out regularly, etc.  We admire in others what we like about ourselves and sometimes what we feel we are deficient in ourselves.  The ugly flip side is that we mock and despise in others what we fear in ourselves. When we see someone who is significantly overweight, we see someone out of control, and that makes us uncomfortable, because we fear that WE could someday be out of control.  My two cents. I hope it helps.  :-)

Jessica Jackson (not verified) says...

The people who tend to do body shaming or any type of internet trolling are disordered personalities in the Cluster B Personality Disorder group.  Covert narcisissts amd sociopaths come first to mind.  

Isabella T. (not verified) says...

Greetings Fellow Protagonists!!!!

I always thought I wanted to be an engineer b/c it sounds so interesting! But I guess I'll either be a nurse practitioner or perhaps a sales manager or maybe something completely different. Good thing I'm only in high school and not college!!! Everyone always told me I would be a great teacher so I might do that. 

Is it just me, or are all ENFJ Protagonists indecisive?

Jenna LC (not verified) says...

Why not still be an engineer? Or use skills similar to engineering. I just got my mechanical engineering degree and am now going to pursue a masters degree in animatronics. I found a way to make engineering better fit my creative personality. Go Enfj!!!

Elizah L (not verified) says...

Yes. The description listed above fits perfectly well but im also on engineering field. I’m happy to find one too! 

October J (not verified) says...

Yes, but we can be so unique we come off as weird. (Weird according to society) I was soooooo indecisive i never went to college but i went into the food industry as a waitress and bartender. Loved loved loved it......endless people to talk to AND learn from. I was definitely ready to move on and fate got me a job as a Prek. I fell in love. Its tough but rewarding. Children arent as judgemental either so I was able to b my rambunctious self. Everyday has a goal but we have flexibility in how we teach it. I got 

John Paul P. Caña says...

I am an engineer for 28 years. Just found out that Im ENFJ. The evaluation does reflects most about how I do and tend to do and be/tend to be. 

Sharon says...

If you want to be an engineer, go for it! My husband has been an electrical engineer for 23 years, and he just found out he is an ENFJ. Engineering, depending on the company and industry, can be a very high-energy, creative, social job (lots of meetings), and he is a smart, social, high-energy person. It has been a good fit for him--I'm proud of him and grateful for the opportunities he's had through his work. It can be a very stressful job though, intense pressure--but so is being a teacher. I say, do what interests you most!

Rexy (not verified) says...

Don't let these tests and stuff tell you who you are. Nothing says you can't be an engineer if you really want to and find what you enjoy about it. :) 

Cautiously optimistic urbanist says...

I'm an ENFJ and I'm a landscape architect. Landscape architects are involved in everything about people and how they interact with the outside world. Somedays we're psychologists, other days we're horticulturalists, other days we're land planners deciding how to lay out an entire 300 acre parcel of land in the best way to help people thrive. If I were to provide one example generally from my experience of the difference between a civil engineer and a landscape architect using a parking lot as an example; an engineer is concerned with how many cars can fit, how rain water will be handled, and what base materials will be used to ensure the driving surface doesn't collapse. All important things for sure. A landscape architect looks at a parking lot and asks, how will the people get safely from their car to the front door of the building, we include many trees to make the space comfortable and beautiful, and how can we make something as innocuous as a parking lot, beautiful and inspiring to the humans that will use it. Both disaplines are important, but if you're about people, landscape architecture may inspire you more than engineering.

CJ34 (not verified) says...

I am indecisive too!

Kat (not verified) says...

I am also a protagonist type and an engineer! It’s feels like a great fit, so I would say go for it!

Don Tal (not verified) says...

Sometimes I can sense people think I am manipulative where I feel bad that people think I am this way. I even try to explain myself most of the time and say it's just me thinking this is best for everyone but I still overthink if I was right or making execuses.  After knowing my personality traits are ENFJ I feel I should be proud and be more committed to helping others and keep doing nice things for the greater good of the community. Thank you for making my day!

Raquel (not verified) says...

I'll be honest -- I think ENFJs can be a bit manipulative (myself included) but usually with altruistic intentions. Teaching people, encouraging people, being the cheerleader all requires the skill of being able to affect how others feel. I know I use what I know about the motivations and values of my audience to engage them when I'm teaching or leading a team (I work in Higher Education). "Manipulative" has a very strong connotation and it can be weaponized and/or used for self-serving purposes. But when we look at the four strengths listed (peacekeeping, communication, persuasiveness, and leadership) -- to be successful in any of those endeavors requires leveraging the emotions and values of others toward your own goals, no matter how altruistic those goals are.

Once I accepted that about myself, I was able to start being more reflective and careful about how I try influence others.

laurie lee seale (not verified) says...

regarding ENFJ's as manipulative. I"m an 18+ year Spiritual Teacher/Life Longevity Mystic. I inspire people to attain their ideal 'waist' not weight size by teachign eating for life longevity and raising their emotional IQ so the pain of the past is metabolized through higher consciousness. I am inordinately successful. almost mystically so. I have worked w/o web site, or any social media presence, and with a FLIP PHONE, for 18+ years doing this. My business comes from word of mouth or people meeting me. RE: manipulative. I spent 15 years in advertising prior to doing this career and 100% i'd agree my job was to manipulate people to consume more of anything. I had a 3rd degree concussion accident on my bike. Spent 4 hours unconscious - and had an out of body experience. When i came to, my life took a radical turn. From a salary of  220,000 VP of Marketig in my early 30's to leaving Advertising and desiring to serve God and humanity to alleviate suffering. i authored a book in a week. It was published internationally. To a salary the first year of self employment at 35,000. That salary grew as my base of influence and client list grew. Money became irrelevant. Some years i make 6 figures other years i make 50,000. And every person that comes to me raises their hand and says, i need help healing msyelf healing my soul, I welcome with open arms. And my motivation is 100% toward their healing. and connecting through heart and love with the foundation of the knowledge i have to read energy, minds, and alleviate their suffering. So can ENFJ's be manipulative? yes. The opposite side of the coin is inspirational. Depending on where there heart enegy is will determine their motivation. I serve humanity and a higher power. And give to my clients far more than what i am paid to do. And transform them into the energy of love and wholeness we all are. Did Jesus manipulate? Ghandi? Mohammed? or did they inspire greatness? When we (ENFJs or any type for that matter) come from our heart chakra, and our guided by our 'I am' Self and not the 'self' of ego, anyone ENFJ or otherwise can be world transformative. Allow yourself to be guided by love, altruism and manipulation does not even enter the conversation. When the Self becomes fearless and grounded both running energy from Mother Earth through to the Crown Chakra and running energy to Collective consciousness, you have a person grounded in being a human 'being' that is loving and here in service giving and sharing the gifts they have. We can often do the impossible, that others can not do, b/c we are indefatiguable in our quest for exceptional. And tireless. And renlentless in our belief of others. Ask not what your country can do for you, but what can you do for country. Where you shine your light through, money - power - or benevolence, love, vision will determine whether our social contact is manipulative for power 'over' someone, or loving in 'partnership' with another. 

Adrienne (not verified) says...

This is deeply inspirational to me. I am a Canadian MD in palliative care. I am also a Reiki Practitioner, a painter (watercolour), I enjoy studying Jung and ither psychotherapies. I love holistic work, so I am learning to use diet, supplements and energy healing to promote health and prevent disease. I am deeply spiritual and non-religious. Most of my friends are either artists, mystics, yoga instructors or healers. I love children, animals, travel and contemplating all that is unknown. I dream of overhauling the nedical system and the educational system, to start!

Ang (not verified) says...

My husband tells me I am manipulative. It kills my heart because that is not my intent.

Kelly (not verified) says...

Hello I am a fellow protagonist. It concerns me that your husband thinks you are manipulative. I was in a mentally abusive alcoholic husband for 20 miserable years. After 20 years you should know someone. Nope not him. He accused me of so many things that are just not in me to do as a person. But everything he accused me of being was everything he really was himself. So happy free at last. Protagonist loyal to a fault. If you are in a similar unhappy marriage please get out. I am finally happy with the love of my life. I let him go and so grateful he forgave me and we are so incredibly happy together. We are all about self and personal growth. The only thing I learned from my ex was tolerance. My love has taught me more lessons of value that I don’t believe anyone else ever could. Thank you and be happy ❤️  

Your Friend (not verified) says...

To be honest, ENFJ's tend to be manipulative. I have been even when thats not me generally. Don't get me wrong, we don't want to be manipulative but if we hold values really high and the other person is not on board, I'll do everything to get him on board even if it needs manipulation. It's not too bad sometimes but yea we generally are really helping and not manipulative with an intent.

rocky rococo says...

this test explains my personality perfectly and it was very accurate. thank you truity!!!! ;)

rocky rococo says...

I'M AN ENFJ!!!!!

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