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The INTJ Personality Type

INTJs are analytical problem-solvers, eager to improve systems and processes with their innovative ideas. They have a talent for seeing possibilities for improvement, whether at work, at home, or in themselves.

Often intellectual, INTJs enjoy logical reasoning and complex problem-solving. They approach life by analyzing the theory behind what they see, and are typically focused inward, on their own thoughtful study of the world around them. INTJs are drawn to logical systems and are much less comfortable with the unpredictable nature of other people and their emotions. They are typically independent and selective about their relationships, preferring to associate with people who they find intellectually stimulating.

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What does INTJ stand for?

INTJ is an acronym used to describe one of the sixteen personality types created by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers. It stands for Introverted, iNtuitive, Thinking, Judging. INTJ indicates a person who is energized by time alone (Introverted), who focuses on ideas and concepts rather than facts and details (iNtuitive), who makes decisions based on logic and reason (Thinking) and who prefers to be planned and organized rather than spontaneous and flexible (Judging). INTJs are sometimes referred to as Mastermind personalities because of their strategic, logical way of thinking.

INTJ Values and Motivations

INTJs are perceptive about systems and strategy, and often understand the world as a chess board to be navigated. They want to understand how systems work, and how events proceed: the INTJ often has a unique ability to foresee logical outcomes. They enjoy applying themselves to a project or idea in depth, and putting in concentrated effort to achieve their goals.

INTJs have a hunger for knowledge and strive to constantly increase their competence; they are often perfectionists with extremely high standards of performance for themselves and others. They tend to have a keen interest in self-improvement and are lifelong learners, always looking to add to their base of information and awareness.

How Others See the INTJ

INTJs are typically reserved and serious, and seem to spend a lot of time thinking. They are curious about the world around them and often want to know the principle behind what they see. They thoroughly examine the information they receive, and if asked a question, will typically consider it at length before presenting a careful, complex answer. INTJs think critically and clearly, and often have an idea about how to do something more efficiently. They can be blunt in their presentation, and often communicate in terms of the larger strategy, leaving out the details.

Although INTJs aren’t usually warm or particularly gregarious, they tend to have a self-assured manner with people based on their own security in their intelligence. They relate their ideas with confidence, and once they have arrived at a conclusion they fully expect others to see the wisdom in their perceptions. They are typically perfectionists and appreciate an environment of intellectual challenge. They enjoy discussing interesting ideas, and may get themselves into trouble because of their take-no-prisoners attitude: if someone’s beliefs don’t make logical sense, the Mastermind typically has no qualms about pointing that out.

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How rare is the INTJ personality type?

INTJ is the third rarest type in the population, and the rarest type among women (with ENTJ). INTJs make up:

  • 2% of the general population
  • 3% of men
  • 1% of women

Famous INTJs

Famous INTJs include Hillary Clinton, Al Gore, Bill Gates, Dwight Eisenhower, Alan Greenspan, Ulysses S. Grant, Stephen Hawking, John Maynard Keynes, Ayn Rand, Isaac Asimov, Lewis Carroll, Cormac McCarthy, and Sir Isaac Newton.

INFJ Quotes

"INTJs are the most independent of all the sixteen types and take more or less conscious pride in that independence."

- Isabel Briggs Myers, Gifts Differing

"Difficulties are highly stimulating to INTJs, who love responding to a problem that requires a creative solution."

- David Keirsey, Please Understand Me II

"Their capacity for intellectual and conceptual clarity gives INTJs both vision and the will to see it through to completion—leadership qualities that are prized in our society."

- Otto Kroeger, Type Talk at Work

Facts about INTJs

Interesting facts about the INTJ:

  • On personality trait measures, score as Discreet, Industrious, Logical, Deliberate, Self-Confident, and Methodical
  • Among types least likely to suffer heart disease and cardiac problems
  • Least likely of all the types to believe in a higher spiritual power
  • One of two types with highest college GPA
  • Among types with highest income
  • Personal values include Achievement
  • Of all types, least likely to state that they value Home/family, Financial security, Relationships & friendships, and Community service
  • Overrepresented among MBA students and female small business owners
  • Commonly found in scientific or technical fields, computer occupations, and legal professions

Source: MBTI Manual

INTJ Hobbies and Interests

Popular hobbies for the INTJ include reading, cultural events, taking classes, appreciating art, computers and video games, and independent sports such as swimming, backpacking, or running marathons.

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Spartacus205 says...

Being an INTJ is the only logical way to go! What else is there but logic? 

Josh@86 (not verified) says...


I believe we can change to be anyone we desire to be. With the reconditioning of the mind, one can be totally transformed.

I was an ENFP. Now, after taking the test twice, i got the INTJ result. 

I attribute this to a happening that ushered in the change. As Tony Robbins once said, we either do it because we are inspired or desperate. 

To all who are out there, know you are loved as who you are, accepted and cherished. 

I can't explain more, and i might be wrong but i don't care. Let's build a better tomorrow, for us and for those who are to come after us.

p/s: so that our generations may go and conquer space as Elon Musk endavours at SpaceX matures and bear fruit..?

Yes, me too. (not verified) says...

Get out of my head guys. I kid.  

This is how I tend talk to myself in my head.  

This comment section is very comforting. 

Good luck navigating through the sea of non-INTJs today, guys! 

BRIDGET E (not verified) says...

I'm laughing because I see the INTJ comments compared to the other 16 personalities comments and they are LONG and very detailed giving rational explanations!!! lol


Susan Daigle (not verified) says...

Great Post.

Jason Town (not verified) says...

Hillary Clinton is no INTJ, she is highly emotional and not prone to logic.

YM (not verified) says...

You will be 100% sure about your personality type when you get a clear and meaningful answers about the reason behind your life experiances ( about your behavior, skills, careers, hobbies, relationships....everything) so far.  I think i know myself today. Thank you for haring  this wonderful article.

VENUS (not verified) says...

Lifelong learning...the quest of people with INTJ personality.

javad (not verified) says...

I'not alone ;)

williyamjam (not verified) says...

Personality Types was (one of) the missing puzzle piece(s) I've been looking for. Additionally, there is some debate on whether or not personalities are developed or if it is something we are all born with. I believe the latter. If personalities could be changed or edited, the world would be out of balance. Understanding personalities is especially valuable for me in understanding why people behave the way they do; especially with the knowledge of acceptance.visit us:

williyamjam (not verified) says...

I am most definitely an INTJ, even though it doesn't entirely match up with my personality. I think sometimes it's just up to talent. If you're talented at something, you'll try your best to excel at it. Perhaps it feeds on the determination part of the personality.visit us:

Umm Minnesota (not verified) says...

I have to agree and disagree with this list. Just here me out. For a year I was working as a teachers assistant, I both hated and liked this job. The year prior I dropped out of law school and was kind of lost. Working at this unusual job for an INTJ gave me several new experiences. First, I improved my ability to communicate to an almost uncomfortable level. Second, I was so busy during the day physically, I was able to relax to a level that I hadn't been able to since before college five years prior. Also, because it was not a mentally draining job I could prosper in my hobbies and other interests. Now I am in school to become a sped teacher. Because I've found that no other career will be able to offer me such a good balance of work and personal time (summer vacation!) So this list is alright, but don't be like me and limit yourself to careers on a list, maybe try something you thought you might hate. Hopefully before you start something (usually expensive) that is supposed to be the best fit.

TS91 (not verified) says...

The bible is a work of fiction, not facts. It mirrors myths from hundreds of years prior. (Flood story and The Epic of Gilgamesh)
And honestly to read everything the page has to offer and then attack the one point, that mind you says "least likely"...well that is yet another reason in the ever growing list of why I really avoid religious people. If you don't believe in their god they attack you, try to shove their belief down your throat. Sorry, not sorry I can't get behind a man in the sky who will let kids starve but has an opinion on what two people do in their own bed.

Personally, this is accurate to a "T".

Paul M. (not verified) says...

You fit right in. You truly don't understand relationships on a grand scale. This reality is an amplifying, echo chamber. What ever you want is what you'll get. God just watches. See?

bardoville says...

My logical conclusion about a higher power is that it's completely stupid to think that all of this came from nothing other than some 'big bang' theory. Are you kidding me?! Of course there is an architect!

Andrew1975 (not verified) says...

I fall strongly into this caregory and much of it really does apply to me. Only exception is, my belief in a higher power. I fully believe in an almighty God. Further, I accept there was a Jesus of Nazareth and his coming/message is one of salvation and peace. Despite our differences, I pray for a blessed 2017 to all, Christians, Jews, Muslims, Hindus, Buddists and others. May this be a year of reflection, love, and peace for us all.

Meika (not verified) says...

When I was younger, I tested INTJ. Now that I have a few years on me, I seem to have developed the J and P almost equally. I read somewhere that as an INTJ, to be better able to get along with other people, I had to assign value to people's feelings. I think that is the only way I survived as a supervisor. Thank God, I worked in a military organization with other logical, less emotional people. Not saying I don't have feelings. I feel VERY deeply about certain things. However, my sometimes less than "loving" demeanor was brought home to me when during my retirement ceremony I made the commit that they were going to make me cry and someone responded, "I would like to see that happen." Well, they did see me cry. I love and greatly respect the military people I worked with. It was hard leaving them behind, which means I am NOT a cold robot.

Guest (not verified) says...

Hey, i'm french (sorry there may be some mistakes in the writing), and i would like to say that i'm quite amazed while seeing all of the posts. I turned as an INTJ on the test, and I would be lying by saying I wasn't happy feeling quite understood. But what i see here is not intelligence or happiness -and i'm pretty sure lot of others visitors on this site thought the same as I did- it's just frustration. All of those comments are a an unhealthy and desperate attempt of people to rassure themselves about all the things that doesn't work in their life, or worst, a pathetic way to be even more proud of themselves than they already are. You know what ? I hesitated a long time before posting this comment, because it honestly shows how desperate even I am, in a certain way. I mean, posting this comment shows kind of a recognition need from others... Yet I believe I have something quite relevant to say, so let me explain myself.

I mean, hey guys, take a breath; it's not because you've turned INTJ in a psychological test that you're the king of the world, so slow down. Do you really believe the complexity of the human nature could be only explained by a mere ranking of 16 personality ? How weird it would be to fit perfectly in the boxes ! Let me tell you, if you didn't recognize yourself at 100% in the description, this is normal, and fortunately more than expected. I'm pretty sure all the person who commented doesn't fit neither at 100%, but they just convinced themselves, because, we're not going to lie, it so much pleasant to be told that you're part of the most intelligent type of people ! Haha. You now what, this is how totalitarian regimes start. Because this reveals how unconfident you are. An INTJ community, and what's the next step ? Starting despising all of those who aren't ranked as INTJ people ? I guess the most ridiculous i saw was that INTJ woman who was writing about how incredibly clever are the INTJ and concluded her paper by "For the others, it is impossible to become INTJ, you're born as an INTJ or not". This shows how much further that INTJ stuff goes, because that person started to define herself not as a human being named X etc, but as an INTJ person, which, more than a new identity, was just surpassing and overshadowing all of the others aspects of what she intrinsically was. This is soooooo dangerous and funny ; as some person are considering themselves as the smartest human beings on earth, they just start acting as the dumbest people I ever encountered in my life. What if tomorrow, scientific researches succeed in demonstrating that all of that theories of 16 personalities is total bullshit ? Because, yes, before we get too much carried away, put our feet on the ground. This IS ONLY THEORY. This may be TOTALLY FALSE. Did you did the researches ? How can you be so strongly sure of it ? Very simple: You want to believe, so you do believe it. You're creating this reality because you do LIKE this reality. Being categorized as a complex and intuitive person, with a very clever mind which leads to a lot of misunderstanding from others -you know, those silly idiots you despise- is, I do admit it, kind of fulfilling. BUT ALSO SO DUMB AND DANGEROUS !!!!!!
So be very careful and never let anyone or anything tell you how to act and how your personality work. You're unique. Whether there are some similarities between some human beings, you're much more complex and elaborated than any theoretical INTJ personality. You're the only one able to understand yourself, all the answers you're looking for are just inside you, waiting to be discovered.

Kiss and Peace

Not an INTJ person, just a human being lol

INTJ all the way (not verified) says...

As an INTJ person i can easily underline this text. I'm working as a supervisor, but i know i'm this social avoiding introvert, which struggles with day-to-day bullshit small talk with co-workers. I know that's the way of being good social leader, but always preferred these straight talks where we set the lines for something and then i can go to my workers and tell them what to do and how. Always felt i can find best solution in sticky situations, where anybody else is scrathing their head. Hardest thing for me in my job is not the metallurgy which follows known pattern. Social behavior (in group) is, which is key in my job, i need to organise meetings, ect. But still i love my job and i know i'm good foreman, because i'm intrested in peoples behavior. I can be a little bit manipulative also. And reading people is also my strong point, maybe i just know how people are going to behave in any situations. Now reading this what i have wrote already makes me think that you readers are thinking i'm unsocial, but no actually i have many friends but with new people i keep this little distance. For my old friends i'm really loyal. What i think is diffrence between extrovert and introvert leader is, that extrovert takes it's place faster, but introvert is still in the same spot at the end. And one funny thing in me is that even i'm not studying anything i learn something. I can remeber if asked some weird stuff that even i didn't know i know.

Female INTJ (not verified) says...

I always felt like I was different. Not special, just different. My thought process is not like most women. Now I know why :) Sometimes being this way can be a hinderance though. I have to bite my tongue way too often...

williyamjam (not verified) says...

I was an INTJ in this system was a very eye-opening experience for me and it concisely explains a great deal about how I behave and view the world, as well as about others' perceptions and misperceptions about me. It was also extremely interesting for me to find that many of my closest friends were also INTJ’s and that we had somewhat naturally gravitated toward each other. I have since gone on to discover that I am not a pure INTJ, as my Thinking preference is balanced, in certain contexts, with a very strong complementary Feeling preference. However the basic traits of this type still aptly characterize a great deal of my personality.

williyamjam (not verified) says...

I think it is true that an INTJ wouldn't outlaw the possibility of a higher power, but as people who question established systems- like religion- and value independence I can't really see an INTJ following blindly either. I think an INTJ would have to come to their own understanding and rationale of the concept of a higher power, and perhaps that rejects traditional understanding. I personally don't believe in a higher power, but I like to think I'm relatively open minded to the fact that one could exist outside of my understanding.

phoebs (not verified) says...

I wish people would quit saying, "As an INTJ I..." It implies that you identify with a certain category, therefore you behave a certain way, as if you have no control over it. I doubt many people who actually are INTJ are hardcore. Fitting the stereotype, and only the stereotype, would result in someone behaving as a cold-hearted robot. It's entirely probable to have developed some of the opposite personality components to some extent. I am INTJ, but have a healthily developed P. I think a sliding scale (for example, comparing your level of S to N) would be a more appropriate visual. Whatever our innate self is at birth, we can't ignore that experience does shape who we are. We all know different people respond to the same event differently. The same group of veterans can experience the same firefight, lose the same members of their unit, and upon returning home, different sensory events will trigger the same memory and result in different emotions and reactions. Extroverts may become introverts, if they were not extreme extroverts before deployment. Positive experiences can shape us as well, and it's worh remembering that different functions manifest and recess as we mature. Also worth remembering that we answer questions on personality tests in light of how we see ourselves - or to get the result we want for those of us who can manipulatesuch tests - and may not necessarily be accurate.

Phoebe4 (not verified) says...

I think it's great that we've found something that helps us understand ourselves a little bit better, and lets us know we're not alone, but we shouldn't define ourselves according to the classic stereotypes or traits. If we all strictly behaved by the stereotype, we would be nothing more than analytical robots. It's entirely possible to be one type with behavior traits that defy the stereotype (such as being INTJ and Christian), or to have developed other traits (perception as a close second to judging). I have many beliefs, interests, hobbies, and talents that never show up on anything related to this personality, yet the essence of INTJ is me to the core. I see people type, "As an INTJ I ....", but I can't see ever making that kind of statement about myself, because then I would be stating that, "I behave this way because I am this personality." I am who I am, and that's fine.

MB INTJ (not verified) says...

I am intj but I believe in spiritual power.

EngelbertHump (not verified) says...

After reading plenty about INTJ and listening to quite a few youtube videos, I believe that there are some people who are very good at detecting INTJ personalities, and they are the extroverted and covert narcissists, because they will make the effort to break through the narcissist's personal boundaries, which are boundaries others respect, and they will also throw all kinds of nonsensical argues and logical fallacies at an INTJ, knowing that the INTJ is going to be standing there wondering, "WTF?! That makes no sense whatsoever!" While the narcissists grin at how clever they think they are being, and how they imagine they have got the INTJ totally stumped. Consider that narcs are very envious people, they tend towards resentment and malicious sentiment, so that if they get a sense of the INTJ being of greater intelligence than themselves, they are going to feel slighted and offended by the INTJ's mere presence and existence, and so they will attempt to exploit any interaction they have with an INTJ.

Guest (not verified) says...

This makes me feel emotionless...It's kind of like describing some one that's like me, but it leaves out parts of me that I really care about.

Davsat (not verified) says...

Great discourses in here - and I can't be too surprised. It's what have been wired in us, introverts,debaters etc. It is what brings us here. That mind that thinks, and does it deeply, and freely, and independently. But the full conclusion of the matter is neither here nor there - in one, or a combination of personality types. We must keep an open mind as we trudge along. And let this be settled, that there is God

Diana Mann (not verified) says...

I'm really not sure what all the fuss is about. Why do I have to even think about an afterlife? What will happen or not happen when we die will either happen or not happen. Death will result in oblivion and you will be gone, or there will be 'something,' and it won't be what you thought it would be anyway. Focus on the here and now and live as ethically as you can. Just my two cents!

Aditi (not verified) says...

Ha! I am suddenly realising what I am!!!!

Laura Davis (not verified) says...

It's been entertaining reading an INTJ discussion thread, where the characteristics are writ large. I have a moderate preference for I, really strong for N, and am borderline for T and J. My life has followed closely the INTJ story, at 61 happiest single in an intellectually challenging job in a university setting and read books on cosmology for fun!

Guest (not verified) says...

A person's statement is and always will be grounded on belief. It will be nice if your belief is grounded on logic.

Genderfluid INTJ (not verified) says...

We're basically all Sherlock Holmes

Guest (not verified) says...

Nope ! It is Moriarty. Sherlock is not INTJ. He did not have a strategic plan, but moriarty does.

Zoey (not verified) says...

I am a female INTJ and completely shocked by how accurate this is. I am spiritual, though, Roman Catholic.
I always doubt others' compliments or gestures of affection as ingenuine. Is this related to INTJ characteristic at all or I'm just cynical ?

Guest (not verified) says...

I'm a 12 yr old girl, and a proud INTJ. When my teacher was reading us a poem about the "strength of inner quiet" earlier today I just thought, "It's kinda sad, but I don't have that strength. I think so much, it's never quiet."

BF (not verified) says...

I think we INTJ's know intuitively there is a higher power, God or whoever, but we just see through the systems that perport to represent him. We can see where those systems need fixing (Don't - I repeat, DON'T - attempt it!!), and how they perpetuate themselves and their silly ways. But the Almighty remains in spite of the systems. And we are privately and genuinely thankful for that.

an INTJ (not verified) says...

Oh this is our brotherhood
at last a bunch of people who share my same thoughts

INTJ Guest (not verified) says...

Hello everyone. I skimmed through this comment section and realized that my opinions are different from everybody else's. So, if you don't mind, I will like to share them with you all.
I will in particular highlight my opinions on religion. I consider myself atheist. Why is that? I believe in the scientific theory, where chaos is what created the universe as we know it. Don't get me wrong, I understand people who think otherwise. It is very easy to believe in the creator theory. The similarity of the creator theory to real world social hierarchies makes it easy to understand, and the completeness of it makes people trust much more than the scientific theory. However, simplicity does not always mean correctness. Over the centuries the believes of the church were busted one by one, while the scientific theory continues to get more and more support. Many logical and practical experiments show that the universe is created by chaos.
What I will say is this: as easy it is to believe in it, religion on is illogical.

Abelhawk (not verified) says...

This perfectly describes me, which is rather comforting! I am very religious, however, though I do get caught up on the perfectionism of being religious (i.e. letter of the law) rather than the spirit of the law sometimes. I'm happily married, but I do need a lot of alone time when I can get it, and one of my primary focuses from day to day is on projects, learning, and intellectual stimulation. I love board games, and for me, the more complicated they are, the better.

Random INTJ (not verified) says...

So, we have all plans for world domination but when do we get them out to check logic, probability and declare the winner?

Guest (not verified) says...

This chat proves that not all INTJs are smart, religion is not logical and if you think so then your logical analysis isn't entirely logical

Beks (not verified) says...

What I find hilarious is that I've tried a lot of the jobs in the 'not ideal section' definitely given me some food for thought.....maybe try and up my game a bit
INTJ's can do so much better

AC (not verified) says...

This is spot on. I took this test when I was 18 and a sophomore in college. My prof was ecstatic d/t his "rare find." I took the test home. Turns out that my mother and brother are also INTJ. Nature or nurture, I wonder? I wonder about everything. People have told me that I am exhausting. "Why do you have to think about everything? "

Because I am me. I am relentless. I hunger for truth. I will endeavor and pursue and hope and push. I will question.

I don't perceive the world as others do. That's ok. This test has given me insight and freedom.

I don't relate.... most of the time. It's ok.

Guest (not verified) says...

Many of the traits for INTJ can also be found in those with IQs high enough to be considered gifted. (Though IQ is not the sole indicator of giftedness since learning disabilities and other factors can throw off test scores.) IQ is largely inherited.

Guest (not verified) says...

Basically it has just described every job there ever was, narrow the list down a bit please and be more confident in making definite statements that are borderline true.

Maxine (not verified) says...

I've been trying to learn more about myself lately as I've recently been finding life more difficult. I've learnt that I am likely to be an INTJ personality type. From what i've read, I can kind of see why people might find me rude/awkward. I don't mean to be.. either way, an interesting read. =]

anon mastermind (not verified) says...

This is awesomely true. 100% accurate.actually i used to think i was weird and antisocial and felt like a reject. This has tremendously boosted my confidence.thanks

Curious Mature Female INTJ (not verified) says...

I want to read every post by an INTJ to scour for verification that, whilst scattered and hidden within the general population, there is a solid group of people out there that think much the way I do. I think INTJ's can move easily among other types although we are always removed from intimacy with them and whilst never considering giving up one's perspective or 'fitting in', one does becomes weary of being amongst people to whom one does not relate well. When I found type I embraced it with a passion. It helped to frame the world and to explain my differences to so much of that world. I love the fact that there is a 'science' that explains who I am as a type and have come to think that I should attach pages such as these to job applications so potential employers can have clear insight into who they might be taking on, why a job may not be a match but more importantly why I would be perfect for certain positions in ways that a resume cannot adequately portray. I am deeply curious about relationships other INTJs have and the anecdotal stories on how they met a partner, whether the relationship survived and how, with an INTJ pairing, they ever got past their reserved and measured ways of relating to actually get together!. Interestingly I have a very clearly formulated theory on a higher power (yes I suppose the reference to theory is very INTJ) and believe in reincarnation and that we come into this world with our type brain wiring so as to be inclined towards experiencing those life challenges that force us to meet and deal with our 'issues'. For me absolutely everything has a purpose and can be explained……it may just be that we have yet to arrive at a proper understanding. In parting I should say that the one thing I think type does give me is a sense of control over those around me…..if I understand their type, I can understand how they will behave…… and yes I might just use that to achieve my objectives……..noble and unimpeachable of course as they always are!!!!!!

Guest (not verified) says...

The most frustrating thing about being an INTJ is dealing with other people - most of whom are idiots. I like to lean toward the premise that we are more highly evolved humans who don't baste ourselves in useless emotions. One of the most puzzling, frustrating and unsolvable puzzles is why there are so many emotional idiots among the human species. How is that useful? What is their purpose - other than to be "enslaved" by the likes of us.

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