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The INTJ Personality Type

INTJs are analytical problem-solvers, eager to improve systems and processes with their innovative ideas. They have a talent for seeing possibilities for improvement, whether at work, at home, or in themselves.

Often intellectual, INTJs enjoy logical reasoning and complex problem-solving. They approach life by analyzing the theory behind what they see, and are typically focused inward, on their own thoughtful study of the world around them. INTJs are drawn to logical systems and are much less comfortable with the unpredictable nature of other people and their emotions. They are typically independent and selective about their relationships, preferring to associate with people who they find intellectually stimulating.

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What does INTJ stand for?

INTJ is an acronym used to describe one of the sixteen personality types created by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers. It stands for Introverted, iNtuitive, Thinking, Judging. INTJ indicates a person who is energized by time alone (Introverted), who focuses on ideas and concepts rather than facts and details (iNtuitive), who makes decisions based on logic and reason (Thinking) and who prefers to be planned and organized rather than spontaneous and flexible (Judging). INTJs are sometimes referred to as Mastermind personalities because of their strategic, logical way of thinking.

INTJ Values and Motivations

INTJs are perceptive about systems and strategy, and often understand the world as a chess board to be navigated. They want to understand how systems work, and how events proceed: the INTJ often has a unique ability to foresee logical outcomes. They enjoy applying themselves to a project or idea in depth, and putting in concentrated effort to achieve their goals.

INTJs have a hunger for knowledge and strive to constantly increase their competence; they are often perfectionists with extremely high standards of performance for themselves and others. They tend to have a keen interest in self-improvement and are lifelong learners, always looking to add to their base of information and awareness.

How Others See the INTJ

INTJs are typically reserved and serious, and seem to spend a lot of time thinking. They are curious about the world around them and often want to know the principle behind what they see. They thoroughly examine the information they receive, and if asked a question, will typically consider it at length before presenting a careful, complex answer. INTJs think critically and clearly, and often have an idea about how to do something more efficiently. They can be blunt in their presentation, and often communicate in terms of the larger strategy, leaving out the details.

Although INTJs aren’t usually warm or particularly gregarious, they tend to have a self-assured manner with people based on their own security in their intelligence. They relate their ideas with confidence, and once they have arrived at a conclusion they fully expect others to see the wisdom in their perceptions. They are typically perfectionists and appreciate an environment of intellectual challenge. They enjoy discussing interesting ideas, and may get themselves into trouble because of their take-no-prisoners attitude: if someone’s beliefs don’t make logical sense, the Mastermind typically has no qualms about pointing that out.

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How rare is the INTJ personality type?

INTJ is the third rarest type in the population, and the rarest type among women (with ENTJ). INTJs make up:

  • 2% of the general population
  • 3% of men
  • 1% of women

Famous INTJs

Famous INTJs include Hillary Clinton, Al Gore, Bill Gates, Dwight Eisenhower, Alan Greenspan, Ulysses S. Grant, Stephen Hawking, John Maynard Keynes, Ayn Rand, Isaac Asimov, Lewis Carroll, Cormac McCarthy, and Sir Isaac Newton.

INTJ Quotes

"INTJs are the most independent of all the sixteen types and take more or less conscious pride in that independence."

- Isabel Briggs Myers, Gifts Differing

"Difficulties are highly stimulating to INTJs, who love responding to a problem that requires a creative solution."

- David Keirsey, Please Understand Me II

"Their capacity for intellectual and conceptual clarity gives INTJs both vision and the will to see it through to completion—leadership qualities that are prized in our society."

- Otto Kroeger, Type Talk at Work

Facts about INTJs

Interesting facts about the INTJ:

  • On personality trait measures, score as Discreet, Industrious, Logical, Deliberate, Self-Confident, and Methodical
  • Among types least likely to suffer heart disease and cardiac problems
  • Least likely of all the types to believe in a higher spiritual power
  • One of two types with highest college GPA
  • Among types with highest income
  • Personal values include Achievement
  • Of all types, least likely to state that they value Home/family, Financial security, Relationships & friendships, and Community service
  • Overrepresented among MBA students and female small business owners
  • Commonly found in scientific or technical fields, computer occupations, and legal professions

Source: MBTI Manual

INTJ Hobbies and Interests

Popular hobbies for the INTJ include reading, cultural events, taking classes, appreciating art, computers and video games, and independent sports such as swimming, backpacking, or running marathons.

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Delsarte (not verified) says...

The big bang is almost certainly false.  There are superclusters in the universe that are calculated to be 100s of billions of years old, but the universe itself is claimed to be less than 20 billions years old.  The "science" of the big bang relies on dark matter and dark energy, neither of which can be proven to exist.  There are numerous scientific problems with big bang as a theory, there is no reason to have such confidence in it.

Logic and science are the best way to answer empirical questions, but there are many decisions you must make in your life where you cannot determine which action is preferable using "logic and science."  Logic and science cannot give you an empirical answer as to what you should value and attempt to achieve in life, they can't give you an empirical answer as to what behaviour you should and should not engage in.  Outside of empirical questions logic and science will not necessarily give you a right answer.  To rely on logic and science in a non-empirical matter would be a folly, as they do not have the efficacy in non-empirical matters that they do in empirical matters.  This is not to say you should ot shouldn't engage in religion, but it's absolutely illogical to attempt to only use logic and science to guide your life.  Logic and science find the truth of empirical matters.  But many problems and questions in your life will not be empirical.

The Big 5 (not verified) says...

A dude - Are you sure you are not an ISTJ, mate? Because having the Sensing part means you focus more on the real, concrete, and you love to pay attention to facts and detail. Which is what you are describing. Having the Intuiting part means you focus on concepts/ideas, patterns and you are a bit more imaginative or creative.

ISTJ and INTJ can be very similar, yet very different

Just something to consider.

I believe I am an INTJ; I took different tests, read several articles and watched many in-depth videos about them to confirm that answer. However, I have noticed sometimes I would act like an ISTJ, so I took this test on Truity. My results were INTJ, but it explained that, according to my answers, ISTJ would also be considered a good match even though they have different dominant functions.

However, there are different types of INTJ. (I believe there are 9 different types). You should check that out too.


Guest (not verified) says...

    Religion is not a set of blinders. I recently read a book titles "Case for a Creator" and the arguments in it are interesting. I am also an INTJ and I see no reason why there can't be both science and God. Albert Einstein and Sir Isaac Newton were both Christians. So were/are several prominent scientists today. Please read "Case for a Creator." Darwin even said that if there ever was a system found that could not be explained by systematic and slow evolution then his theory would fall apart. Flagellum have not/cannot be explained by slow systematic evolution.


Swift Wind (not verified) says...

You don't come across like an INTJ. Maybe take the test? 

Systems are a part of every aspect of life. Not merely restricted to sceince and logic. Also, logic is fantasitc for crafting inspiring and well thought-out arguments for exploration, not domination. If you're American, question the system in which you were taught the contruction of language. Reading British journalists or classic essayists (pre-war) can help. 

Sahar (not verified) says...

mate, i am most definetly intj and i most defintetly belive in a higher diety. Having a certain personality type no matter how rare it is, doesnt restrict you're spiritual beliefs lmao. Science itself lacks the "facts" to back some of its core theories that build the foundation of science. The Big Bang theory is a classic example, how could such an immense amount of energy explode from apparent nothingness and moreover cause perefectly balanced solar systems without a higher diety controlling everything? Refute that my guy. How has religion has, what, "delayed society's evolution" ??? do u hear yourself

Aone (not verified) says...

If God existed,people wouldn't even be arguing about it,it would be known by everyone,the same way we don't argue whether the sun exists or not because it is evident! Why doesn't he just come out and end the debate once and for all?He is beyond human understanding??? How would you even know that he is good,maybe he's the opposite.

Bazinga (not verified) says...

Okay, first off. You must remember, from highschool chem, that it took scientists FOREVER to discover the noble gases, even though they were right their in front of their faces since the beginning of time. Why cant the same be said about god. I'm not saying that god exists, or that he doesnt, but I think that your rational isnt thought out enough. 

Allen Perry (not verified) says...

No, God did come to earth, but even working miracles wasn't enough to sway people into becoming followers. Humanity has a fallen nature.

JasonK (not verified) says...

"If you're not an expert in what you're speaking about, then please do not."

That is a Sensor trait, not an Intuitive. Sensors appeal to someone based on credentials rather than what they say. Intuitives care more about the logic of what is said, and not whether the person saying it has credentials that the person recognizes.

MgZedex (not verified) says...

I'm an INTJ-T, but I believe in God. There is obviously a power, that is undeniable. Islam has answered almost all of my questions regarding religion, and has made me believe that there is One True God. Also, I value family and friends. I guess INTJs only care for them when they become too attached to them.


Nesi (not verified) says...

Seams like there is a lot of talk about love and god, so here's my perspective as well: 

I don't believe in god. I just don't. No one has ever been able to convince me and all arguments I've heard were fallacies at best or fairytales. I'm open for discussion though, I challenged and changed my principals and beliefs a lot in the past and I know that there might be a possibility that there is one true religion, but I still find that almost unlikely. 

I do believe in love. However, I don't believe in soulmates or the fact that people can only truly fall in love once. But I have been in love and I have been very loyal and as caring as I could be. Unfortunately, it didn't work out and that's fine. Being in love and having someone special in your life feels nice and I'd like to have that someone in my life someday. But I don't mind being on my own as well. 

Nadia Neumann (not verified) says...

Oh, there is one true church. :)

Answer (not verified) says...

Hi, I didn't really take what Nesi said as wanting to be convinced that there is a God. However, I am an INTJ and I do believe in God. The thing is people...everyone seems to be thinking their is a huge differentiation in the theories available. Why does the bang theory and evolution have to be separate from creationism? In fact if you are a true INTJ you would have read the Bible and scientific information available and would have come to realize there are key points in the Bible that references evolution. Perhaps people don't read different Bible types or direct translations. The biggest problem now-a-days is the lack of education. Some of the main issues people have with the Bible is timing and the creation of stuff. The timing wasn't/isn’t actually days as the Bible references a single day as not a single day if you read the entire Bible. Also, notice in the book of Genesis it says something like, so and so found women of men to be beautiful. It appeared to be referencing that there were different types of humans. Which there were!

 Lastly, I think there are soul mates as well, but we can love and be happy with many people. Love is not the same with anything in life. You love your parents, children, siblings, lovers, and everyone differently. A soul mate is a lover of the soul and a complete connection. I have had 5 deep relationships in my life and out of the 5 one soul mate, and no one has come close to the level of love I had/have for that person. It is literally like a connection of your soul to that person. All the other people I dated were perfect in all aspects, but when I met my soulmate I instantly connected to the person in around 5 minutes or less. The same thing happened to that person as well. It was really like two souls becoming one nearly instantly, and I completely understood that person without words needed.  


ness (not verified) says...

i understand that you want to be convinced by the words of someone else.... due all respect i dont think this is a good alternative, the idea of believing in god is based upon knowledge, understanding logical aspects of the matter and of course searching for valuable and trustworthy answers.

"I don't believe in god. I just don't." thats what you said right? well i want to ask you why? 

why would someone believe in God ?

why whoudn't someone believe in God?

as you can see every opinion has a reason for it to exist, to be formulated, to be taken into account so what do you think about answering that question first ?

why don't i believe in God?

why am i searching for answers?

why do i want to be convinced?

who should i ask for information regarding the matter?

you see, we cannot build a  belief  that is based on some unknown person's opinion or unverified facts.

if we want truthful and logical and right information we should better search for the righht source .

what do you think ?

Shawn Murphy (not verified) says...

I'm an INTJ that thought heavily about this since when I was young, I was a devoted Catholic. God exists in the area of phycology where if we are left leaderless there is still a governing authority over our actions preventing us from commiting insane acts. This puts our minds at rest when things are looking grim allowing us to remain mentally stable preventing us from commiting acts of theft, murder, suicide and so forth. With the belief of unquestionable faith our minds remain in a state of emotional stability.

Guest (not verified) says...

I don't mean to demean your beliefs but with all due respect, don't you think that governing authority is your conscience. Being and INTJ, I interpret and INTJ to be a person driven by a sense of morality  who loves to think and share their intellectual ideas and discoveries. We are not A-Holes who don't care about what is right. Being a "mastermind" doesn't mean to know everything but to think before doing anything, in my opinion.


Jay Smiles (not verified) says...

I don't know why, but I just felt like I wanted to comment, LOL

INTJs are cool. :)


Myra (not verified) says...

Hello ENFJ,

Do you know that I think you're so rare to be found? I love ENFJ, you are a beautiful human type!


Gray Cheng (not verified) says...

Thanks. ENFJs are cool too.


David S. (not verified) says...

I am 40 years old and have an INTJ personality.  I certainly can see how INTJ's are the least likely to have a belief in a higher power.  I myself don't believe in God, rather I know that there is a God.  It would not be enough for me to simply choose to believe and assume that God exists.  I must know.  How do I know? 

What has helped me with this is the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.  Yes, you have to at first choose to have a robust belief.  But unlike some other churches, this is only temporary, just to get started.  This is particularly true of reading the Book of Mormon.  If you approach reading it with a willingness to believe, you will begin to know that it is true.  The best part is that at the end of reading, you are invited to pray to ask God yourself if that book is true.  I have done this.  What I know is the Holy Spirit changed my spirit to know that God does exist and that (among other things) the Book of Mormon is true.  If you really following this church's teachings, you will get real answers; not just belief, but to know!

JasonK (not verified) says...

Youe argument of the BOM being true because you just "know" is 100% based on Feeling. The Mormons even say that "you'll FEEL a burning in your bosom" to know their book true. It is very unlikely you are an INTJ if you are making decisions based on Feelings rather than Thinking. Maybe you are an INFJ. The fact that the Book of Mormon was rewritten 5 times in it's first decade would turn any Thinker off.

Gilxx (not verified) says...

Believing in love or god is casting doubts on you being an INTJ (or INTP) haha

JasmineLives (not verified) says...

I am an INTJ and also know there is a God. I believe any INTJ would have had their doubts at some point. Who are we not to question it? The connection came when I had several spiritual experiences. The became stronger as I got older and sought Him more. Once you assess that you are not crazy, and you did have a real experience, you will come into acceptance. At that point, I had to realize that there is a God and there are things in this world we will likely never understand. I also know now that God is faithful and reveals Himself and His ways to us if seek Him.

"You will seek me and find me when you seek me with all your heart."

Jeremiah 29:13

Delilah (not verified) says...

Intp here

I also know and believe there's God. Doesn't mean you're not a personality type just because something is "less likely". 

steven a weber (not verified) says...

Since INTJ's are often known to view love differently than most, I thought I'd give my take on it as an INTJ: The ones that I've observed that are really big on stressing love, usually, largely neglect respect, ironically. To me, respect must be the foundation in a relationship, and any "icing" put on top of that is secondary at best -- this I'd refer to as love -- i.e. If a relationship has respect, can it be said to be deficient?

Anonymous intj (not verified) says...

On the subject of "god" and how truth and love supposebly cannot be together--this is wrong, or sort of. In the bible it says that god so loved the (key word) "world" which means he loved all of us equally. Now, the reason truth and love cannot be together for us is that it's biased--if we love one person more than another, then thats not supporting the truth. It essentially means that we "prefer" one person to another becuase of no good reasoning. That's not what it says in the bible. So, if what we think of love is not the truth, then what kind of love is it talking about in christianity? It's talking about moral love. Love that doesn't neccasarily have to be based off of feelings, but can be based of a scense of truth and decensy.

tatjur says...

I am a Christian, and also believe in plural love. However, although I agree that love and respect are not the same thing, really I believe that both are interdependent, there is no other. And tell the truth is not tied to a lack of respect, truth is gone, and we have to pay attention is with a way to pass this truth, I know it's hard to try to understand how some things can be used either by someone, but what it means to love, to observe the other and CHOOSE to take into account their needs, even when you have no sense (you know it's difficult).

joxterrdevil says...

bro shut up about god, he aint real.


INTJyeahikr544476 (not verified) says...

👏 yesssssssss  me every time I'm asked to go to church.

Nicholas carriere (not verified) says...

God loved us all that is the difference you have and the truth is love and JC gave himself because of it but not all will go with him only those who repent and only then can salvation be yours  but it's more than that you must know the word and the word must become flesh and love should be at the center of a Christian heat those JC must be in your heart it will be the best thing you can ever know  

rriikkyy says...

a few years ago I tested as INTP, but now apparently I'm INTJ. Well, both then and now my Judging and Perceiving were about 50 50, so I guess they're just in balance? Anyway, I majored in Architecture and it seems like it's a good career path for both INTPs and INTJs. :) 

Oof (not verified) says...

Yeah me too. I was a INTP like, 2 years ago and now I am an INTJ. My perception and judging were almost the same too soo guess we are the same.  

Byron (not verified) says...

Same here, trusted career advisor calls me INTX because of it. :)

Tibi (not verified) says...

The exact same thing happened to me.

grace livings (not verified) says...


fastguitars (not verified) says...

Just don't marry one.

INTJ's dont love.

They do not love.  They don't even understand why you should.

INTJyeahikr544476 (not verified) says...

We have the ability to love, but we believe if the marriage fails oh well. It's not like we would want to say the vowes of, death till us part, it sounds needy and desperate. You particularly sound like a person who married our type and can't move on like yeah we love and we also fall out of love.

Jedrick (not verified) says...

Well, kind of, very logical and highly rational, akin to a robot which is devoid of human emotion.

steven a weber (not verified) says...

they can feel and be kind and considerate and empathetic, but being thoroughly analytical, they can't rationalize the concept of love -- it ends up no more than a glorified word for need, albeit likely extreme need

Heather H. (not verified) says...

I am an INTJ and I feel love very deeply.

Myra (not verified) says...


Thank you, same here. But I think that I may not express love in a very typical Hollywood dramatic, emotional, romantic kind of way so always somehow get misunderstood that I'm unloving. cold and detached, but I think that I am inclined to express love in a reasonable and rational way mostly through loving acts and services-for the well-being and good of those I love so much. 


Infinite eternal (not verified) says...

Well I'm thankful me and you are in the same page. Besides if anyone really wants to know who they truely are they'd have to spend years observi themselves...they'd find more about themselves through self observation than they ever would through a Myers Briggs test. You're unique, and the only person who's gonna know you better than anyone else is you and god...

bluenilufer (not verified) says...

INTJs love so deeply that it hurts when betrayed. That is why INTJs protect from sick egos, psychos and narcissistic by slamming the door at them all. Better alone than in a lousy company...

Myra (not verified) says...

Hello Friend,

Thank you, so true!


Stark (not verified) says...

Love is shown by not destroying others when we could.

INTJ Mel (not verified) says...


Xena (not verified) says...

This is a fact. 

slowrifts (not verified) says...

We do love.

Love isn't an understanding; it's a feeling.

Do they feel loved?

Do you?

William Jefferson (not verified) says...

Just because you had a terrible experience with one of them, doesn't mean all of us are like that. And the stereotype that describes us on this site isn't always spot on. 

I feel lots. There's no other way to describe it. I have family and a few friends that I am very open with, and they see a side of me that many do not. Most of the time I am relatively stoic. I say relatively as there are times where the masks breaks, due to an incredible joke or a tearjerking movie (was balling at 1917, but my friends don't know that). Sometimes I get angry, but generally regret it afterwords. I will say that some do get caught up in what I call "INTJ-ness," wherein they forget that they don't have to act exactly like an INTJ. They forget to be themselves, based on their own internal excuses. I used to be like that too, and it still happens from time to time, so I understand it.

There are qualities I'm drawn to. Most of which, is Endurance. Some people, especially some of the other INTJ folk think that intelligence makes one a king, but I argue that in order to become a king one has to go through a lot. If I see that quality in someone, this fierce determination, that's what makes me feel attracted to them. The other is Loyalty. I'm deathly loyal, if my sibling were in danger I would jump in front of a bullet to save them. I love them so damn much. Probably more than they know. One of my friends is in China right now, as his family is over there. I'm very worried about him, have been feeding him advice here and there about what to do, even if he only gets on VPN here or there. Another is trying to change his life for the better, and I'm gonna be the one that supports him, and if he falls, try to help him find another route. So yes, we understand love. We understand this need to protect. We understand Endurance and Loyalty.

Despite this, I have been betrayed many times, and so I hurt a little on the inside whenever I remember people I thought I was close too, or were my friends... but, I have to keep going. Life won't wait for sorrow. 

If you want to see an emotional INTJ, watch him listen to his favorite song or do his favorite thing. The mask will break quite often.

saji (not verified) says...

a female intj:

best comment ever,to be honest.

we are humans that's a fact we cannot avoid,no matter what type of personality you are!

this articles are supposed to help intjs to find their way or understand something,not to make a misunderstanding for others.

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