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The INTJ Personality Type

INTJs are analytical problem-solvers, eager to improve systems and processes with their innovative ideas. They have a talent for seeing possibilities for improvement, whether at work, at home, or in themselves.

Often intellectual, INTJs enjoy logical reasoning and complex problem-solving. They approach life by analyzing the theory behind what they see, and are typically focused inward, on their own thoughtful study of the world around them. INTJs are drawn to logical systems and are much less comfortable with the unpredictable nature of other people and their emotions. They are typically independent and selective about their relationships, preferring to associate with people who they find intellectually stimulating.

Are you an INTJ?

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What does INTJ stand for?

INTJ is an acronym used to describe one of the sixteen personality types created by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers. It stands for Introverted, iNtuitive, Thinking, Judging. INTJ indicates a person who is energized by time alone (Introverted), who focuses on ideas and concepts rather than facts and details (iNtuitive), who makes decisions based on logic and reason (Thinking) and who prefers to be planned and organized rather than spontaneous and flexible (Judging). INTJs are sometimes referred to as Mastermind personalities because of their strategic, logical way of thinking.

How common is the INTJ personality type?

INTJ is the third rarest type in the population, and the rarest type among women (with ENTJ). INTJs make up:

  • 2% of the general population
  • 3% of men
  • 1% of women

Famous INTJs

Famous INTJs include Hillary Clinton, Al Gore, Bill Gates, Dwight Eisenhower, Alan Greenspan, Ulysses S. Grant, Stephen Hawking, John Maynard Keynes, Ayn Rand, Isaac Asimov, Lewis Carroll, Cormac McCarthy, and Sir Isaac Newton.

INTJ Values and Motivations

INTJs are perceptive about systems and strategy, and often understand the world as a chess board to be navigated. They want to understand how systems work, and how events proceed: the INTJ often has a unique ability to foresee logical outcomes. They enjoy applying themselves to a project or idea in depth, and putting in concentrated effort to achieve their goals.

INTJs have a hunger for knowledge and strive to constantly increase their competence; they are often perfectionists with extremely high standards of performance for themselves and others. They tend to have a keen interest in self-improvement and are lifelong learners, always looking to add to their base of information and awareness.

How Others See the INTJ

INTJs are typically reserved and serious, and seem to spend a lot of time thinking. They are curious about the world around them and often want to know the principle behind what they see. They thoroughly examine the information they receive, and if asked a question, will typically consider it at length before presenting a careful, complex answer. INTJs think critically and clearly, and often have an idea about how to do something more efficiently. They can be blunt in their presentation, and often communicate in terms of the larger strategy, leaving out the details.

Although INTJs aren’t usually warm or particularly gregarious, they tend to have a self-assured manner with people based on their own security in their intelligence. They relate their ideas with confidence, and once they have arrived at a conclusion they fully expect others to see the wisdom in their perceptions. They are typically perfectionists and appreciate an environment of intellectual challenge. They enjoy discussing interesting ideas, and may get themselves into trouble because of their take-no-prisoners attitude: if someone’s beliefs don’t make logical sense, the Mastermind typically has no qualms about pointing that out.

INTJ Hobbies and Interests

Popular hobbies for the INTJ include reading, cultural events, taking classes, appreciating art, computers and video games, and independent sports such as swimming, backpacking, or running marathons.

Facts about INTJs

Interesting facts about the INTJ:

  • On personality trait measures, score as Discreet, Industrious, Logical, Deliberate, Self-Confident, and Methodical
  • Among types least likely to suffer heart disease and cardiac problems
  • Least likely of all the types to believe in a higher spiritual power
  • One of two types with highest college GPA
  • Among types with highest income
  • Personal values include Achievement
  • Of all types, least likely to state that they value Home/family, Financial security, Relationships & friendships, and Community service
  • Overrepresented among MBA students and female small business owners
  • Commonly found in scientific or technical fields, computer occupations, and legal professions

Source: MBTI Manual

Quotes About INTJs

"INTJs are the most independent of all the sixteen types and take more or less conscious pride in that independence."

- Isabel Briggs Myers, Gifts Differing

"Difficulties are highly stimulating to INTJs, who love responding to a problem that requires a creative solution."

- David Keirsey, Please Understand Me II

"Their capacity for intellectual and conceptual clarity gives INTJs both vision and the will to see it through to completion—leadership qualities that are prized in our society."

- Otto Kroeger, Type Talk at Work

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Guest Female INTJ (not verified) says...

Yes so true a very typical response. I enjoyed your thoughts/perspective and I thank you for sharing. One never truly knows/understands the consequences of each and every single action one makes to string a linking chain of cause and effect.
Sharing is caring :)

kmignano says...

Ditto. Scary yet ditto.

Guest (not verified) says...

Hey Me, it turns out all these comments are actually you just as we suspected, or us rather. Heck I don't understand it all exactly either but that's besides the point. We keep returning to this website and agreeing with ourselves on how much we are like us. -Just a friendly reminder:)

INTJ and proud (not verified) says...

So true I've been to 5 sites about intj personality types and been to this one 3 times.

INTJ and proud (not verified) says...

Your right it's like my 5th time to a site like this

female intj (not verified) says...

Precisely this! I was reading this description and seeing things that I myself have written out in the past typed in the words of another.

I personally am an artist(music and traditional and digital art) as well as an aspiring fashion designer. It's rather interesting now studying how my INTJ personality handles this. None of these professions were on either list, well, graphic designer was but that's much more logo and less Van Gogh.

hat lady (not verified) says...

Yes and I read there are rare female INTJs. More commonly men. So when I meet other women they are put off by my bluntness and so are men. They expect me to be more warm and fuzzy and nurturing, less scientific. I'm interviewing for a medical research job and I hope I get it.

Vivek Sharma (not verified) says...

female INTJ is rare to .5%.

must be tough

George45678 (not verified) says...

So much more than just "logo". I am a robotics engineer, not a designer, but if you look at any of your favorites sites: netflix, uber, google, fb, and so on, it was not the programmers like myself making those awesome designs :D 

Designers are amazing people, and they bring the world to life. Without them, things would be a lot less interesting. 

Rachael K (not verified) says...

I'm a female INTJ that loves creating garments, sewing, and graphic design also 

Kate108 (not verified) says...

I am an INTJ and have always had artistic and musical gifts (drawing, graphic design, piano, etc) - I think it goes with the territory. However, I have not developed those talents to any significant degree. I also wanted to be a fashion designer for a time. For practical reasons, I pursued computer programming and was a natural at it. I love complex systems and organization and this career was a good match for me. However, because I despise working within organizations and institutions, I left the IT world and became a freelance writer. I've been much happier working on my own, but I find writing a bit tedious at times. While rewarding in its own way, I don't find it mentally stimulating. For fun, I've decided to take up FOREX trading. So you see, INTJs are complex people who are interested in a wide range of stuff.

Kris Chamblee (not verified) says...

I'm an INTJ female and cross dresser by necessity.

Should you decide to return to the idea of fashion design, please fix the women's clothing. Functional pockets, comfort, and easy to care for are lacking in women's clothes. Keep me posted.

Logos (not verified) says...

It took years for this INTJ to figure out FOREX. Countless nights. Such an inordinate amount of time and energy! Good luck.

Melissa Ann Lambert (not verified) says...

I'm a female INTJ too - former computer programmer now artist specializing in digital art. Feel free to email me!

Elena96 (not verified) says...

Hello Melissa,

My name is Elena Bermejo. I stumbled upon your comment and I was intrigued with your line of work. I too am one of the rare female INTJ personality types and I have worked any and all customer service jobs and none have suited me. I would like to ask, how long did it take you to earn your education in computer programming and what courses did you take? Did your line of work require a Bachelors or Associates?

nan1 (not verified) says...

After 14 years of searching for the "right" job, I found research.  As an INTJ, research could not be more perfect for me.

Mino (not verified) says...

I am an intj (female), learning about the personality traits really helped me to understand myself and helpe me to understand why people always gets intimidated around me.   I love intellectual conversations and love reasearching too. I am planning to pursue for higher studies ( research) and reading all of your comments here in this blog made me feel so great. Everyone seem so confident as I am, all the best for your future plans.  As an intj, I love art and music, at the same time I love science and religion as well. I feel there is no limit to human mind, as long as we are willing to study, we can study anything subjects, work in any field. 

R. Tyler (not verified) says...


I would love to pick your brain and learn how you got to where you are now in life. I am always looking for a new direction. I hope to talk to you.



Ashish Sakhare (not verified) says...

Hi Melissa just found myself to be intj...feels great

Reply if u read this

Morgynn (not verified) says...

Hey Melissa, I am a female INTJ as well. I decided to go back to school about a year ago to pursue computer programming. Would love any advice you have!

INTJ Mel (not verified) says...

heyyy woman (girl) here! I want to attend Civil Aeronautical Engineering

Sahar (not verified) says...

Hey , I'm a female INTJ too!

brewall131 says...

Hi Melissa, I'm also a female INTJ currently working on teaching myself programming and trying to figure out how to turn this into a position that I would enjoy. I would love to talk to you if you'd be open to it! 

ClaireK (not verified) says...

Hello, fellow INTJ women. Typing with a sleeping baby in my lap, so have mercy on my spelling and punctuation 😉

Knowing about these types has changed my life! I wish I had been able to experience the validation when I was a younger woman. I am def an INTJ, but feel I am an odd one because I am religious and care a lot about home and family life. I love to learn constantly and I share that with my children; I homeschool them because I am sure I can do a better job, and I like to be with my kids. I use my drive to improve systems and to fulfill potential in my home and family life. This works well, because my husband is an ENTP and is so extraverted, fast moving and big picture, he lets me run things the way I want! My struggle is to keep pursuing order and to get alone time in my large family. I also tend to pursue things I am interested in and gain a level of expretise, but I don't turn any of this into anything income building, because I don't like to promote myself, and I  don't want to feel awkward about promoting myself in my social network. INTJs, any thoughts for me?

JuliaM (not verified) says...


Like yourself I am very family-oriented and spritual.  Less "religious" than spiritual.  Daily studies in the word. I have read other personality profiles that state that we are family/home and spiritually oriented, so it seems to be an opinion, rather than a fact. Perhaps, speculation based on the way that we think. 

Be kind to yourself at home and do not let the frustration and imperfection of home/family life drive you crazy.  Just try to enjoy the process of improving because there is always something to work on!

I am a data analyst, and I love it! I could not homeschool, but I respect you for it.  I would drive my children nuts and we would all be miserable.  They are best taught in their wonderful school. We all do love learning, and share the love together.  I was fortunate enough to be able to stay at home with them until they went to school.  I was so ready to rejoin the work force.  While I was intimidated, when I went back to work I found my nitch.

I would continue to focus on your children, until you feel they are ready for the next phase, then the work and the opportunities will come to you.  I promise. God has a way of working things out for us. 



kerri (not verified) says...

Me too!!!! Knowing my personalitiy would have been such a confidence booster as a younger woman! I'm 33 now. Had a ton of kids. Homeschooling. Had a sleeping baby on me as I read your comments. Learning constantly. I have no income, which is a constant source of discouragement for me! I don't mean to be proud but looking back I know I could have been a doctor, scientist, anything. I love science and learning. My brother is an electrical engineer, mom a teacher, dad an engineer at Space Center. Sometimes I think I've failed to become qualified to make money and sometimes I wonder if God has me exactly where I am because he values my time with my children more than a second income would benefit my family. Alone. Time. Oh my goodness. I constantly live sleep deprived because I MUST be alone to think/plan/read/learn. I've kind of fallen into hippie medicine. Herbs/natural remedies, love biology. I have no idea what I'm supposed to do with my life still. haha. I guess I'm doing it but feeling like I've got some fire burning to accomplish something more than educate my kids. Honestly, I feel like that's wildly important but much easier than people make it and that there's more I could be doing. No adivce for you Claire, but awesome to meet someone else with same passions and personality.


Donna Violet (not verified) says...

Hi Claire - I'm INTJ, small business owner.  I fit all the INTJ descriptions, but I too am Christian and have valued raising my family and spending time with my kids.  I also volunteer at church and in my community.  Your pursuit of order is admirable, but don't take yourself too seriously!  Order and lots of kids is close to impossible.  Your best bet might be controlled chaos.  It is very difficult to find alone time with kids and family commitments - I found that to be the most exhausting part of raising a family.  Use your drive to raise your kids to be the people you want them to be, then give it over to God.

Bakerp (not verified) says...

Aren’t we all odd though? Based on our personality types and the rarity of finding one of us in the general population it is safe to say that we believe ourselves to be odd because we do not encounter many people like ourselves. Thus based on our understanding of regular society we consider ourselves to be odd.

Cheers, Bakerp

NeilH (not verified) says...

Absolutely.  I had never encountered anyone quite like myself in 50 years, which caused me to think that I was unique until I discovered INTJ-A and its meaning. True to type but with a better understanding of how I fit into the overall scheme of things, I still consider myself to be blessed with a rare gift.

ElisaC (not verified) says...

Hi Claire,

You remind me of my younger self, when my priority was raising my two daughters.  Being a mother, investing and shaping two lives has been a most rewarding experience and privilege, despite all the challenges of raising children and grind of daily living.  My role has evolved over the past few years into friend, coach and mentor, as we share from the trivial to deep questions of life.  I encourage you to keep on investing into your children, as you appear to be filled with love and passion for your current purpose in motherhood!

Cristal (not verified) says...

Hi Elisa and INTJ Girls,

( please forgive my grammar , my first language is not english ) I related to your comment because as a mom in my 30's I am finding myself struggling between been the best mom ever and figuring out my career life - and I mean Struggling. As you evolved with time, did you find happiness and a feeling of accomplishment?  It is nice reading to all your comments and realizing I am not the only one. Best Wishes!


Ashley (not verified) says...

I struggle with this as well. I’ve always had interest in the legal field. Since becoming a mom to my one year old daughter I tend to dedicate all of my time on her, have put off leaving her because I simply don’t think anyone can take care of her the way I would and I’d rather do it all myself. Since recently becoming a single mom late last year I decided to become a certified paralegal. This way I’ll be doing something that interests me and is in law and hopefully will hold my attention from wondering what’s going on with my daughter while I’m away at work. I know it’s I’mp for me to really be interested and challenged in my work because I’ve left quite a few jobs in the past because I refused to continue on a career path that I hated walking into each day. I’m 31 and me being the Intj personality makes so much sense and brings me so much clarity. I’m not an emotional woman, I absolutely have to have my alone time, which I don’t get as much with my daughter but I don’t mind that, I’ve never been comfortable in social settings or with people I don’t know and I’m extremely private, possibly to a fault. My paralegal instructor advised our class to take this test and I’m so glad as it has brought so much into perspective for me. Glad to hear stories of other women like me and know I’m not alone! 

ElisaC (not verified) says...

Hi Cristal,

I am sorry to hear that you are really struggling.  If I may, I'd like to pose some questions for you to ponder - What is your most important goal in life?  What gives you meaning?  When my first child was 7 months old, I had a full time nanny take care of her, while I worked full time for 3 months.  It was a most difficult time, knowing that I wanted to be the person raising her, but the nanny spent the majority of  the day with her.  Therefore, I took on a part time position that effectively was a demotion.  This also wasn't easy at first; I had to ask myself what my higher priority was throughout the past 20 years.  I have had to chose over and over again.  Fast forward to today, I am still working part time.  Looking back, I would choose the same course, because the relationships I have with my 2 children are rewarding and most meaningful in my life thus far.  Also, what has given me more clarity is to think about what would matter at the end of my life, what more would I have wished for, any regrets?  Hope this helps!

NatD says...

The ladies in this thread who are homeschooling and/or mothering, all with INTJ personalities... Hi there. I just breathed a sigh of relief to find you all, as I'm relating with almost all of what has been said here. My husband and I homeschool our 4 children, and I can say honestly it has been a big challenge for me. I have often felt so alone in how I view or carry out our homeschool due to my personality that it makes for some dark days and doubting. Some days there is fulfillment in knowing we're giving them the best we can. But, there are days when I feel the opposite for all parties invovled (myself included!). It has been helpful to read the last comment from Elisa about keeping things into perspective... will we regret keeping them home, fulfilling what they need to learn, but giving them that extra time to be free in and of themselves, all within the maximum time as a family together? We all must evaluate such weighty questions with our own lives and families, and they are worth pondering. Thank you all for being open and honest. I wish we could all have a facebook group together. Know that this thread has been an answer to prayer from frustration as I'm contemplating whether to continue homeschooling next year or not. Best wishes to you all in your endeavors, fellow INTJ women. (*flexes arm with peace sign*)

ElisaC (not verified) says...


I have set up "Fellow INTJ Women" in FB Group and invite you gals to connect, just message and say from Truity.  Thanks for your suggestion NatD!

ClaireK (not verified) says...

Elisa, Thank you for that very encouraging message! It occasionally seems funny to me to be the "criminal mastermind" type and spending all my talents at home. But nothing seems more crucial to me than teaching, training, mentoring and loving other human beings. I love getting to know them and trying to help them grapple with life and learn what their talents and passions are. I hope to support them in a way that enables them to find their purpose. Thanks again.

ElisaC (not verified) says...

Hi Claire,

You are welcome!  I have a suggestion... while you're at home, you can expand your mastermind (dropped the "crimminal" :)) in your areas of interest.  Over the past couple of years, I have become interested in the Financial Independence Retire Early (FIRE) community and have been reading a lot of blogs, such as Mr. Money Mustache.  This past year, it extended into investing and I followed a blog investment workshop (Millenial Revolution) and have been reading a lot on this subject.  Lately, I have been immersed in Dr. Jordan Peterson's youtube channel on The Psychological Significance of the Biblical Stories, having been interested in psychology since my university days and currently attend Bible studies.  There is so much to learn and free resources available online; my education is just starting!  What are your areas of interest and thoughts on this?  I encourage you to also invest in yourself!

Discovery13 (not verified) says...

Hmmm. What can I say that hasn't already been said. Shocked is an understatement when I did the test, emphatically accurate!🤔

Autocorrect description of mua!

I wonder what more?

Ann Red (not verified) says...

Fellow INTJ woman and we are in our first year of homeschooling as we felt we could also do a better job (grades 5/7).  So interesting reading your comment as my husband has typed as INTP (although he thinks he's on the line as an ENTP).

I googled career types for INTJ's and landed on this site as I'm feeling the push to do more with myself but am not sure which field is best suited for me as past experiences have landed me in toxic work environments with unmotivated co-workers.  I really want to work with driven people who want to collaborate instead of compete so I figured I'd look where the INTJ's are and narrow down my options from there.  My passion lies with analyzing processes/procedures and then streamlining/organizing to increase productivity.

Self promotion isn't my thing either although I feel that's the way of our world now.  How old are your kids?  Have you homeschooled from the beginning?

ClaireK (not verified) says...

Hi Ann,

Hope you are enjoying homeschooling. It is super challenging to balance, and there is a temptation to over plan and to over critique ourselves. But I find it so very rewarding. My oldest is sixteen, I homeschooled her through sixth grade. Now we send her to a 7-12 school in our town that is excellent. I still have five children at home, so I will be doing this for a while! My main goal is to cover the basics, while giving as much freedom as I can and keeping the kids' natural sense of wonder alive. They also do a lot of helping with siblings and helping around the house and yard. In terms of employment, it would be so wonderful for you to find the right fit, in an employer who wants someone with your skills, in a positive work environmant. It is crazy how often I hear about supervisors who are threatened by competent people! I would think a fast-changing industry would be a good place to look for an attitude of growth? I learned a lot when I was listening to a podcast called Radical Candor, about communication in the workplace and how to be a good manager. Best wishes!

Regine Arnold (not verified) says...

Brewall and Melissa, 

Would love to connect. I am also a woman INTJ. I have a past in corporate marketing/ digital marketing. I also have my own small business health coaching. And working on going back to school for human systems engineering, which is largely about computer engineering and psychology. Plus, I'm a video game nerd. I literally felt like the only female INTJ left in the world until I saw your comments. Haha Only a handful of us out there. Let's get to know each other! :)

Busy-Bea (not verified) says...

Krikey Regine!  I read your post and was like what what?!  I'm in marketing, background in film/video production and seriously considering going back to school - but for history or anthropology or sociology.  Human systems.  Oh and was a personal trainer years ago and have been contemplating wellness coaching.  Ha! 

Ladies - we should connect!  Sorry is has been a @ a year since you all have posted!

Olivia_K (not verified) says...

Hi Regine, 

I'm an Intj female currently in an undergraduate BBA program. I'd love to connect with you to hear about your experiences in the corporate world as an INTJ as I'm having doubts about whether Business is the right fit for me!  

Sergio (not verified) says...

Business career can very rewarding or frustrating,  depending how strong the I in INTJ is with you.

I am not extremely introverted myself,  so I like being sorounded by peopele.  But,  unfortunately you can't always choose a team and you will probably often times get frustrated by other team members who like to chit-chat more then do the real work (thinking hard is also real work,  although chit-chatters might not think so).

Basically,  in business you get to solve complex problems every day.  Just stick to some more technical field of business,  like business analyst,  project or product manager,  and try to avoid marketing (meaning PR and communications).


Frank Wang (not verified) says...

Would love to connect with all of you as well! A male INTJ here. Graduated with a Master of Molecular Biology, studying Software Engineering, and learning game development on the side. All the other comments were at least 1-year old so it's nice to see recent people who are still trying to connect.

Jonas (not verified) says...

Hi! I'd like to know more about you too since I'm also a INTJ and I feel like I don't really have any friends who are of my personality. Hope to hear from you!

Guest (not verified) says...

I’d like to connect with you due to your background. 

Daniel O. (not verified) says...

I am also INTJ and a molecular biologist! 

a 1% INTJ (not verified) says...

I am a writer and musician and even though I'm really successful in those fields, I am most definitely an INTJ, even though it doesn't entirely match up with my personality. I think sometimes it's just up to talent. If you're talented at something, you'll try your best to excel at it. Perhaps it feeds on the determination part of the personality.

ChillMusicianDad (not verified) says...

I do not speak unless spoken to or when I feel its necessary or appropriate. I am very reserved and do not like meeting people necessarily or social outings but I play guitar and sing/write music and It is something so powerful to me that I have friends that think I have a split personality because When I play a show I become the person that hides behind insecurity 99% of the time. I am an extroverted showman on stage and it is at the same time a selfish experience for me. I wish it paid the bills but i suppose we need nukes more than subsidies for artists.

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