Overview

ENFP in a Nutshell

ENFPs are people-centered creators with a focus on possibilities and a contagious enthusiasm for new ideas, people and activities. Energetic, warm, and passionate, ENFPs love to help other people explore their their creative potential.

ENFPs are typically agile and expressive communicators, using their wit, humor, and mastery of language to create engaging stories. Imaginative and original, ENFPs often have a strong artistic side. They are drawn to art because of its ability to express inventive ideas and a create a deeper understanding of human experience.

What Makes the ENFP Tick

ENFPs tend to be curious about others and preoccupied with discovering the deeper meaning in people and ideas. They want authentic experience and often seek emotional intensity. ENFPs are easily bored by details and repetition and seek out situations that offer an escape from the mundane. Novelty is attractive to ENFPs, who often have a wide range of interests and friends from many backgrounds.

ENFPs prize individuality and often consider the pursuit of happiness to be the highest priority in life, both for themselves and for others. They place great importance on personal freedom and self-expression, and want to be able to go wherever inspiration leads.

Recognizing an ENFP

ENFPs love to talk about people: not just the facts, but what motivates them, what inspires them, and what they envision achieving in life. They’ll often share their own aspirations freely, and want to hear others’ in return. The ENFP is unlikely to judge anyone’s dream, and will discuss the most imaginative and outlandish of fantasies with warm, enthusiastic intensity. They love to explore creative possibilities, and nothing deflates them faster than talking about dry facts or harsh reality.

ENFPs often seem unconventional, and may come off as scattered; they don’t tend to be in touch with their physical surroundings. They often overlook the details, as they are more likely to focus on connecting with other people or on exploring their own imagination and self-expression. They have little patience for the mundane and want to experience life with intensity and flair. ENFPs often have an artistic streak, and may be artistic in appearance. Many have developed a distinctive and quirky personal style.

For more information: The Art of SpeedReading People

ENFP in the Population

ENFP is a moderately common personality type, and is the fifth most common among women. ENFPs make up:

  • 8% of the general population
  • 10% of women
  • 6% of men

Popular Hobbies

Popular hobbies for the ENFP include writing, creating and appreciating art, playing musical instruments, listening to music, participating in community theater, and reading fiction.

Famous ENFPs

Famous ENFPs include Bill Clinton, Phil Donahue, Mark Twain, Edith Wharton, Will Rogers, Carol Burnett, Dr. Seuss, Robin Williams, Drew Barrymore, Julie Andrews, Alicia Silverstone, Joan Baez, and Regis Philbin.

For more information: Famous ENFPs

Research on ENFP

Interesting facts about the ENFP:

  • On personality trait scales, scored as Enthusiastic, Outgoing, Spontaneous, Changeable, Impulsive, Energetic, and Understanding
  • Scored among highest of all types in available resources for coping with stress
  • ENFP women are less likely to suffer from heart disease >> Tweet this
  • ENFP men are less likely to suffer from chronic pain >> Tweet this
  • Rated by psychologists as among most likely of all types to have trouble in school
  • Overrepresented among academically talented elementary school students
  • Personal values include Home & family, Friendships, Creativity, Learning, and Community Service
  • Commonly found in careers in counseling, teaching, religion, and the arts

What the Experts Say

"They may be inspiring teachers, scientists, artists, advertising or salespeople, or almost anything they want to be."

- Isabel Briggs Myers, Gifts Differing

"Their enthusiasm is boundless and is often contagious, making them the most vivacious of all the types, and also inspiring others to join their cause."

- David Keirsey, Please Understand Me II

"ENFPs' ability to empower others is one of their most impressive contributions to the workplace."

- Otto Kroeger, Type Talk at Work

At Work

ENFP at Work

At work, the ENFP is concerned with using their creativity to express themselves and benefit others. ENFPs want to explore the possibilities for themselves and other people, and approach their work with vision and inspiration. They enjoy taking on creative or people-centered problems that call for an imaginative, original solution.

ENFPs are often motivated by their beliefs in humanitarian causes and want work that is consistent with their values. They are particularly interested in helping other people develop as individuals. They tend to choose careers that allow them to pursue ideals of personal growth and artistic expression.

ENFPs dislike routine work and want a variety of tasks and challenges. They prefer to set their own schedule and chafe when saddled with excessive regulations or mundane details. They seek out fun, novel tasks that allow them to be imaginative and relate to other people in an unstructured, supportive way.

The ideal work environment for an ENFP is relaxed and friendly, with few restrictions on creativity. The ideal job for an ENFP allows them to follow their inspiration, satisfy their curiosity, and develop solutions that benefit people in innovative and original ways.

Least Popular Careers for ENFPs

It is important to note that any personality type can be successful in any occupation. However, some occupations are well suited to the natural talents and preferred work style of the ENFP, while other occupations demand modes of thinking and behavior that do not come as naturally to the ENFP. Occupations that require the ENFP to operate outside their natural preferences may prove stressful or draining, and often sound unappealing to ENFPs who are choosing a career.

The following occupations have been found to be unpopular among ENFPs, based on data gathered from surveys of the general population.

ENFPs as Leaders

In leadership positions, ENFPs convey enthusiasm and excitement for their ideas. Their leadership style tends to be democratic and flexible, with an eye toward developing human potential. They enjoy helping others grow as employees and as people, and grant plenty of freedom to their reports to develop innovative and unique solutions. ENFP leaders motivate with their passion for their ideas and beliefs, and they are often insightful in their assessments of people problems.

Because they are so focused on their ideals, ENFP leaders can sometimes neglect the practicalities of implementation. They are more focused on people than on process, and can lose sight of the ultimate goal as they explore relationships and human development. They may need to develop planning and organizational skills to ensure that their creative ideas become reality.

ENFPs on a Team

ENFPs are enthusiastic, involved team members who are interested in exploring the possibilities for innovation. They enjoy relating to people and hearing their ideas—the more imaginative, the better. Although they are open-minded, they are fundamentally grounded in a sense of values, and look for the principles and motivations behind their teammates’ ideas. ENFPs have little interest in rules, and will encourage their teammates to think outside the box to create a solution that is uniquely theirs. They want to encourage other people to be creative and find their own voice.

ENFPs are most focused on relationships and on ideas, and may have friction with more task-oriented teammates. They relish the task of brainstorming possibilities and options for a project, and are sometimes reluctant to settle on a course of action and move on. They typically shy away from taking on responsibility for details, and can best contribute to a team with their considerable interpersonal skills. They are energetic in their commitment to the group’s mission, and are often good at motivating others and encouraging them to use their talents.

For more information: What's Your Type of Career?

Relationships

ENFP Communication Style

ENFPs are enthusiastic, collaborative communicators who love exploring possibilites for people. They often enjoy getting to know other people and understanding what inspires them, and they are insightful about solutions to personal problems. Highly empathic, the ENFP can find something to identify with in almost every person they meet, and enjoys encouraging other people to develop and grow. ENFPs are typically optimistic and like to talk about opportunities for the future, motivating others to join them in their vision.

ENFPs as Partners

In relationships, the ENFP is warm, encouraging, and emotionally engaged. ENFPs connect with others by sharing their feelings and experiences. They are expressive with their mates and want their mates to share openly with them.

ENFPs place great importance on personal development; they encourage their mates to pursue their dreams and want the same encouragement back. They are accepting of their partners as individuals and are unlikely to pressure their partners into being or doing anything in particular. On the rare occasion that they object to a mate's behavior, it's likely to be because their values have been violated.

Although they are quite sensitive, ENFPs can be guarded when it comes to their deepest feelings. They dislike conflict and are likely to withdraw rather than engage in a difficult discussion. ENFPs are flexible and supportive, and would rather find a way to connect than butt heads. They are creative problem-solvers, and can often come up with original ways to compromise.

ENFPs can sometimes be unpredictable, as they follow their inspiration wherever it leads. They can seem unreliable, although they are usually very responsive when a partner is emotionally in need. The ideal mate for an ENFP supports their creativity and caring for others, and expresses appreciation for the ENFP's unique qualities openly and often.

ENFPs as Parents

As parents, ENFPs are creative and devoted. They enjoy creating new experiences for their families and want to inspire their children to grow as individuals. Although they can be very passionate in their ideas about correct behavior, they are not often strong disciplinarians; they value close relationships above all else and may avoid discipline for fear that it will distance them from their children.

ENFPs deeply value their role as parents. However, they tire quickly when subjected to mundane chores and demands from their children. They get the most joy out of parenting when they are connecting emotionally with their children and joining them to explore possibilities for the future.

For more information: Please Understand Me II

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Comments

I was undetermined in S-N and T-F. When I reviewed the 4 personality types that were presented, I could relate to all 4 to varying degrees, finding I most strongly related to the ENFP. Another survey gave me results in the ISFP and INFP personalities. I relate quite strongly to those as well; however the Champion ENFP is definitily most spot on.

I was recently told I was a ESFP the performer, to which I identified with more when I was younger but just wasnt really how I see myself now. I have gone through some very signifigant areas of growth in the last 5 years and can say I have changed alot. It is difficult at times to accept all the changes as I used to never know when to stop having fun and was so self involved it was virtually impossible to make lasting emotional connections or commitments but I was quiet content this way. Life events caused me to take a deep look at myself at face value and I found I didnt know myself well and now I didnt like what I saw. I like myself today but seem to have completely lost my sense of fun and free spirit. The prior personality test did note I was only 1% more S than N, so I guess this result of ENFP which I identify with more isnt so different really. I read that later in life given the right circumstances you will begin to develop and find comfort in using the less dominant or least preferred aspects of your personality which seems to be very true. I will say it is very enlightening I cant wait to learn my childs type so maybe we can begin to communicate and understand one another much better!!!

You got it spot on! I've. Found that when I was younger my temperament screamed ESFP but life has a funny old way with making you address your weaker points to the point where you actually use them more once you've mastered them rather than your old temperament state! Which lead be to becoming a ENFP over the years... for me it kicked in around secondary school or middle to high school for you states guys, just found that I was growing more deeper than my peers as the years went on... (That's life) ;)

I find I identify strongly with ENFJ and ENFP. I have taken three versions of the Meyers-Briggs tests and each one rates me differently or almost indeterminate on E and I, N and S and J and P. I am, evidently, a Feeler over a Thinker no matter what.

While I prefer being organized about time because it's valuable to me, I don't care if people cancel on me. I welcome unexpected free time alone and also unexpected activities - sudden dinner party or night out. I have fallen into several leadership roles over the last ten years so I guess I'm a natural leader but I actually hate telling other people what to do and often feel bothered by others. I prefer working alone honestly. I don't judge others for their choices but I can if asked, and often do, easily tell people what I think of their choice(s). I have a strong set of values and ideas of my needs and life and the future but get this, I LOVE when something new presents itself and turns everything upside down.

Your assessment of yourself fits me alot - I'm trying to decide if I am a Healer or a Champion, and I fall into both categories. It's nice to see others have the same issues. I think that so many of us are borderline Introverts or Extroverts, that it is difficult. However, your comments helped me a lot, so thank you for posting!

Yeah, My brother is a Healer!(so illogical it drives me insane)but I believe these test aren't exactly spot on as apparently i'm a Field Marshall and the description doesnt sound like me at all. But my friend who is a Counselor helped out and showed that i'm actually a natural INTJ/adopted ENTP. He can tell what you are just from a conversation and how you present yourself as he thought i was an ENTP at first. But i'm happy i'm a INTJ as it solves that question in the back of my head. I stayed up late again so this is all from my post. have a good one Champion/Healer!

Here my profile

It's funny, I have a difference of 1 (one) percent between I and E, and thus no real preference for introvert of extrovert. And It's true that when I was a bit younger I identified very strongly with INFP, while now that I'm a bit more experienced in life and have developed a bit confidence I become more and more extroverted. I can now ID quite strongly with ENFP, save for when I'm tired - then I just want to lie on the bank with a book, cookies and some hot herbal brew. And no people please.
I work as a teacher in a middle school, and it is true that I love to help the kids develop, to become individuals, to solve problems, to build their character and become their unique selves. I think this is very important and a great part of my job. Unfortunatelt the job also involves unruly teenagers draining your energy with their noise and their want of your attention... must be the introvert part that doesn't like this ;)

Oh. My goodness. Ennys, you just described me perfectly in every way! I love people, but sometimes I need to take a step back and be by myself. Bring on the tea and books!

Me too Ennys & Mary! I love helping people, but after a while my energy runs out and I just need quiet, a book and a treat - maybe I'm not so weird after all! Thanks for posting, it is encouraging to see others out there also!

Exactly the same here :) Definitely ENFP on my energetic days and definitely INFP on engerydrained days. Those two types go very hand in hand... my husband is a clear INFP and we're very similar. But as I said, sometimes I'm just very E ;)

The ENFP is exactly like me but some parts of it are not i feel like i really relate to ENFP i just figerd t who i really am and i have some options for what i want to be when im older i am glad my teacher and my counciler actcuall y metioned this to me and some of my jobs it mentoined i have thought about over the years i know i am an ENFP because i like to write as you can see i will tell all my friends about this website to see what they really are there is another sign that i am an ENFP i love to motivate others and help them but i do not like chores or sceduals i will spread the word about this website and thank you site and teacher and counsiler i am funny too!

Thank you.

This was a really useful test - and I have to think about whether I am an ENFP or an INFP. (Maybe that means I am really an INFP!) Anyway, I going to do some re reading and figure it out. I really enjoyed this, and it is really useful to me. Thank you!

Gush, guys I ve got the same on my mind. ENFP or INFP? I certainly used to be an INFP when younger. Do not you have the experience this was all because we were kina shy but longing for people badly? So we needed to do some introversion to come up with the conclusions(using our second function) so that the first one could flourish? However, I have some doubts, I enjoyed introverting:) Now, I do it too, but I am now having a very strong need for talking, expressing and lots of enthusiasm. Another theory- I was an unhappy ENFP who has become a happy one. :):):) Anyway, I am so glad you all feel the same:):) By the way, do you prefer extraverts aor introverts as partners? What is your ideal? (mine, I guess an ENFJ or ENFP:) They are sweet- e.g. my brother:)

I don't think that you can actually be characterized by four little letters. I think that yes you can identify with them but that does not mean you are the description. I got enfp but I don't think that it actually defines who I am. I think it does represent some parts of me but others not at all. I liked looking at what it said and will take it into some consideration but all in all I don't think that this defines me as a person an it will not shape who I turn into because I will just end up being myself and no two people have the same exact personality. They may be similar but they are not exactly the same which is why I think that four letters can not define you a a person.

Hehe

I love being an ENFP! It kinda explains how I work, especially the part about guarded deep emotions. Sometimes I feel as if my emotions spill over, keeping them in check for so long. The only thing is, I don't think me and my fellow ENFPs like being called "moderately common." ;)

Agreed! Especially about the "moderately common." Being and ENFP feels so one-of-a-kind. I especially related to the artistic side of things (writer, musician) and the love ENFP's have for people. The only thing that racks my brain is that my brother is a Commander so we tend to butt heads hen it comes to teamwork because he sees problems first, then people (not that he doesn't see the people) whereas I am the extreme opposite and always see people first, then problems (not that I don't see the problems)... so frustrating!
But yeah, being an ENFP is awesome. CHAMPIONS UNITE!

Pretty impressive this describes me exactly and was written in such a way that makes me feel special for spending $20. thanks I needed that.

I read somewhere that ENFPs need a healthy amount of alone time. I bet this is why many ENFPs flip flop between the "I" and the "E".

https://thephilosophicalboy.wordpress.com/tag/enfp/

I'm a single 50 year old single female INFJ trying to engage an 52 year old male ENFP who's been through a divorce and is a cancer survivor. Can anyone suggest how I can entice him out of the darkness? I feel deeply connected to him and refuse to stop trying.

Yup, lingerie and wild sex. The promise of novelty and the pursuit of pleasure. Works for me every time.

Give him time. He has been through A LOT. ENFPs seem to let all hang out through their out going nature. However, people mistake this as total transparency, thinking they are people who are not private. Nothing can be farthest from the truth. We keep our deep emotions, very very very guarded and close to the heart. It takes a while for us to trust people and believe people "get" us, especially after being through alot emotionally. Oddly for an extrovert, we require alot of alone time to get centered, especial after dealing with large amounts of stress. Besides, time, show him you believe in the importance of being true to yourself, and you understand the deeper meaning to life.

Do not give up on whatever you decide to try. ENFPs give in to prolonged pressure no matter how strongly we resist. Good luck!

Did you know that ENFP's are known as the most introverted extraverts? That is why a lot of you ENFP's think you're in between ENFP/INFP (I did too!), but your need for self-reflection is an ENFP trait.

What type is the best match for an ENFP mate?

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